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We have established a high-quality mtDNA control region sequence database for Koreans. To identify polymorphic sites and to determine their frequencies and haplotype frequencies, the complete mtDNA control region was sequenced in 593 Koreans, and major length variants of poly-cytosine tracts in HV2 and HV3 were determined in length heteroplasmic individuals(More)
A number of DNA marker types suitable for human identification and parentage testing have been developed, of which single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) merit attention as they are abundant, genetically stable, and amenable to high-throughput automated analysis. In this regard, 24 highly informative SNP markers representing each 22 autosome and both sex(More)
We investigated four X chromosomal short tandem repeat (X-STR) markers (DXS10079, DXS10103, DXS10146, and DXS10148) in 450 unrelated Koreans (300 males and 150 females), and evaluated their forensic usage in relation to the four X-STR linkage groups. Forensic statistical parameters for these X-STR markers indicated that they are highly informative for(More)
AIM To investigate genetic polymorphism and haplotypes of tightly linked X-chromosomal short tandem repeat (X-STR) clusters in Koreans. METHODS Four X-STR duos in the linkage group 1-4 (DXS10135-DXS8378, DXS7132-DXS10074, HPRTB-DXS10101, and DXS10134-DXS7423) were investigated in 450 unrelated Koreans (300 men and 150 women) using the Mentype Argus X-8(More)
The five X-chromosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) GATA172D05, HPRTB, DXS8377, DXS101 and HumARA were analyzed in 150 males and 150 females from Korea. Markers were amplified in a quadruplex and a monoplex PCR reaction with fluorescently labeled primers. For accurate and reproducible STR typing, sequenced allelic ladders were constructed and a Genotyper(More)
For the past few years, scientific controversy has surrounded the large number of errors in forensic and literature mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) data. However, recent research has shown that using mtDNA phylogeny and referring to known mtDNA haplotypes can be useful for checking the quality of sequence data. We developed a Web-based bioinformatics resource(More)
The mitochondrial DNA HV3 region contains CA dinucleotide repeats which display length polymorphism. To analyze this for forensic purposes, we designed a fluorescence-labelled PCR primer set for short amplification products and carried out genotyping by using capillary electrophoresis. A total of 4 alleles with 4–7 repeat units were observed and the genetic(More)
This study reports on the forensic parameters of 30 insertion–deletion polymorphisms (Indels) (Investigator DIPplex® kit) in 100 individuals from a Korean population. The match probability ranged from 0.353 to 0.789, and the combined power of discrimination reached 0.99999999995. The DIPplex® kit is more discriminative in Koreans than six COfiler® short(More)
To investigate mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) distribution within tissues during life, we observed length heteroplasmy in a polycytosine tract of the mitochondrial HV2 region by size-based separation of PCR products, using a mutagenic primer which was designed to avoid stutter production. Blood, brain, heart, liver, skeletal muscle and hair shaft samples were(More)
In this study, 19 Y-specific STR loci (DYS19, DYS389I/II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385, DYS388, DYS434, DYS435, DYS436, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS446, DYS449, and DYS464) were analyzed in 301 unrelated Korean males by three multiplex PCR systems. The haplotype diversity using the classical set of Y-STRs (DYS19, DYS389I/II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392,(More)