Learn More
This paper describes a simultaneous analytical method for the measurement of sphingoid base 1-phosphates and sphingoid bases from a variety of biological samples. This method consists of two steps of sample pretreatment: the enzymatic dephosphorylation of sphingoid base 1-phosphates by alkaline phosphatase (APase) and the subsequent analysis of(More)
Beta-carboline alkaloids including harmalol, harmaline, norharmane, harmol, harmine and harmane are important constituents of the medicinal plant, Perganum harmala L. (Zygophylaceae), which has been used in traditional medicine. In the present study, the antiplatelet activities of six beta-carboline alkaloid compounds were investigated in vitro. At a(More)
Oleanolic acid (3beta-hydroxy-olea-12-en-28-oic), a pentacyclic triterpenoid, exists widely in the plant kingdom and has a wide variety of pharmacological effects such as antitumor, antifungal, insecticidal, hepatoprotective and anti-HIV activities. This paper reports that oleanolic acid induces the aggregation of rabbit platelets, a mechanism was also(More)
The abnormal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in arterial wall is an important pathogenic factor for vascular disorders such as atherosclerosis and restenosis after angioplasty. The present study was designed to investigate the inhibitory effects of docetaxel on VSMC proliferation, as well as the molecular mechanism of this inhibition.(More)
Diet can be one of the most important factors that influence risks for cardiovascular diseases. Hesperetin, a flavonoid present in grapefruits and oranges, is one candidate that may benefit the cardiovascular system. In this study, we have investigated the effect of hesperetin on the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB-induced proliferation of primary(More)
The discovery of ceramide kinase (CerK), which phosphorylates ceramide (Cer) to ceramide 1-phisphate (C1P), established a new pathway for Cer metabolism. Among mouse tissues, brain contains the highest CerK activity. In this study, we found that CerK is highly expressed in cerebellar Purkinje cells. Since Purkinje cells are important for motor-related(More)
Snake venom toxin from Vipera lebetina turanica can induce apoptosis in many cancer cell lines, but there is no study about the apoptotic effect of snake venom toxin on human neuroblastoma cells. In this study, we investigated the apoptotic effect of snake venom toxin in human neuroblastoma SK-N-MC and SK-N-SH cells. Our result showed that cell detachment(More)
Ceramide, a major class of hair lipid, can help determine the physicochemical properties of human hairs such as the chemical diffusion barrier and water retention. In this study, we developed a quantitation method for ceramide and dihydroceramide, a saturated form of ceramide, in human hairs. Lipids were extracted with ethanol from human hairs spiked with(More)
O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) is a DNA-repair protein that reverses the effects of alkylating agents by removing DNA adducts from the O6-position of guanine. We developed a real-time AGT assay that utilizes a fluorescent guanosine analog (3-methylisoxantopterin, 3-MI). 3-MI fluorescence is quenched in DNA and fluorescence intensity increases(More)
In a previous study, we reported that ginseng extract has anxiolytic-like effects in the elevated plus-maze model and that the ginseng saponin fraction plays an important role. This experiment was performed to investigate the anxiolytic-like effects of ginsenosides Rb1, Rg1, Rg3-R, and Rg3-S, and the Rg5 and Rk mixture isolated from the ginseng saponin(More)