Hwan-Soo Yoo

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This paper describes a simultaneous analytical method for the measurement of sphingoid base 1-phosphates and sphingoid bases from a variety of biological samples. This method consists of two steps of sample pretreatment: the enzymatic dephosphorylation of sphingoid base 1-phosphates by alkaline phosphatase (APase) and the subsequent analysis of(More)
In the course of screening anti-adipogenic activity of natural products employing the preadipocyte cell line, 3T3-L1 as an in vitro assay system, the EtOAc fraction of the stem barks of Fraxinus rhynchophylla DENCE (Oleaceae) showed significant inhibitory activity on adipocyte differentiation as assessed by measuring fat accumulation using Oil Red O(More)
Luteolin occurs as glycosylated forms in celery, green pepper, perilla leaf and camomile tea, and has been shown to possess antimutagenic, antitumorigenic, antioxidant and antiinflammatory properties. In this study, we have investigated the antiproliferable effect and its mechanism of luteolin on platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB-induced(More)
Oleanolic acid (3beta-hydroxy-olea-12-en-28-oic), a pentacyclic triterpenoid, exists widely in the plant kingdom and has a wide variety of pharmacological effects such as antitumor, antifungal, insecticidal, hepatoprotective and anti-HIV activities. This paper reports that oleanolic acid induces the aggregation of rabbit platelets, a mechanism was also(More)
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are the main cellular component in the arterial wall, and abnormal proliferation of VSMCs plays a central role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and restenosis after angioplasty, and possibly in the development of hypertension. Pterostilbene, a natural dimethylated analog of resveratrol, is known to have diverse(More)
Several studies have been suggested that long-term exposure to stress has detrimental effects on various brain functions and leads to neurodegenerative changes. However, the precise mechanism by which stress induces brain damage or neurodegenerative change is still a matter of debate. This study investigated the damage of neuronal cells involving in the(More)
LPS-induced inflammation and changes in protein phosphorylation and the JAK-STAT pathway accompanying glial activation after LPS treatment, were followed by analyzing secreted proinflammatory cytokine levels. The administration of LPS caused tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT3 in retinae and induced glial fibrillary acidic protein. (GFAP) from the nerve fiber(More)
The increased proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in the arterial wall is a critical pathogenic factor for vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and restenosis after angioplasty. Clitocybin B was reported to have either a potent free radical scavenging effect or effects that were isolated from the culture broth of mushroom Clitocybe(More)
FTY720, a synthetic sphingoid base analog, was examined as a new sphingosine kinase inhibitor, which converts endogenous sphingosine into its phosphate form. With 20 microM of FTY720, sphingosine accumulated in the LLC-PK(1) cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The FTY720 treated cells showed a high concentration of fragmented DNA, a high caspase-3(More)
Beta-carboline alkaloids including harmalol, harmaline, norharmane, harmol, harmine and harmane are important constituents of the medicinal plant, Perganum harmala L. (Zygophylaceae), which has been used in traditional medicine. In the present study, the antiplatelet activities of six beta-carboline alkaloid compounds were investigated in vitro. At a(More)