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ROMK channels play a key role in overall K balance by controlling K secretion across the apical membrane of mammalian cortical collecting tubule. In contrast to the family of strong inward rectifiers (IRKs), ROMK channels are markedly sensitive to intracellular pH. Using Xenopus oocytes, we have confirmed this pH sensitivity at both the single-channel and(More)
The gating characteristics of two ion channels in the inward-rectifier K+ channel superfamily were compared at the single-channel level. The strong inward rectifier IRK1 (Kir 2.1) opened and closed with kinetics that were slow relative to those of the weakly rectifying ROMK2 (Kir 1.1b). At a membrane potential of -60 mV, both IRK and ROMK had(More)
The biophysical properties of low-conductance secretory K (SK) channels in the apical membrane of the rat cortical collecting tubule were examined to compare these properties with those of the cloned renal K channels of the ROMK family expressed in oocytes. At room temperature, with the tubule superfused with 140 mM K and 110 mM cation in the pipette, the(More)
The sequence of the hydrophobic "P" (pore) region of a K(+)-selective channel from the kidney (ROMK2) was altered to match that of the closely related inward rectifier (IRK1) channel by changing two amino acids, leucine (L) 117 and valine (V) 121, to isoleucine (I) and threonine (T), respectively. The mutant channel expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes had(More)
Extracellular K+-dependent H+ extrusion after an acute acid load, an index of H/K exchange, was monitored in intercalated cells (ICs) from rat cortical collecting tubule (CCT) using ratiometric fluorescence imaging of the intracellular pH (pHi) indicator, 2',7'-bis(2-carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF). The hypothesis tested was that 12- to 14-day(More)
CONCLUSIONS These results suggest that nestin and BMI-1 are candidates for stem cell markers and renewal factors in human nasal mucosa, may contribute to tissue homeostasis and differentiation in the epithelium and submucosal glands of normal nasal mucosa, and may play a role in proliferation of nasal polyps. OBJECTIVES The stem cell marker, nestin, and(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the expression and distribution of glycoprotein 340 (gp340), a secretory glycoprotein, in normal human sinus mucosa and inflammatory sinus mucosa and evaluate the possible effects of gp340 on the development of chronic sinusitis. Glycoprotein 340 was identified as a key element in the innate host defense mechanism on many mucosal(More)
The effect of external potassium (K) and cesium (Cs) on the inwardly rectifying K channel ROMK2 (K(ir)1.1b) was studied in Xenopus oocytes. Elevating external K from 1 to 10 mM increased whole-cell outward conductance by a factor of 3.4 +/- 0.4 in 15 min and by a factor of 5.7 +/- 0.9 in 30 min (n = 22). Replacing external Na by Cs blocked inward(More)
OBJECTIVE The lymphatic system plays an important role in the maintenance of tissue fluid homeostasis, which facilitates interstitial protein transport. Until recently, the lymphatic system of the sinonasal mucosa has been relatively poorly studied. The authors aimed to investigate the distributional and quantitative changes of the lymphatic vessels in(More)
OBJECTIVES Urocortin (UCN) is a member of the corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) neuropeptide family. UCN act as locally expressed proinflammatory factor and induce mast cell degranulation, cytokine secretion, and trigger vascular permeability, which are mediated by CRF receptors in peripheral tissues. Considering its functional roles, UCN and its(More)
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