Hwa Sung Shin

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Biotransformation of benzaldehyde to l-phenylacetylcarbinol (l-PAC) as a key intermediate for l-ephedrine synthesis has been evaluated using immobilized Candida utilis. During biotransformation, the benzaldehyde level and respiratory quotient significantly affected both l-PAC and by-product benzyl alcohol formation. By controlling the benzaldehyde level at(More)
Schneider 2 (S2) cells from Drosophila melanogaster have been used as a plasmid-based, non-lytic expression system for foreign proteins. Here, a plasmid encoding the human erythropoietin (hEPO) gene fused with a hexahistidine (His(6)) tag under the control of the Drosophila metallothionein (MT) promoter was stably transfected into Drosophila S2 cells. After(More)
We used a novel approach to affinity purify human erythropoietin (hEPO) following its secretion from Drosophila melanogaster S2 cells. Immobilized metal affinity purification of hEPO was optimized using a two-step serial statistical optimization strategy. After determining the elution conditions (based on preliminary batch-type purification experiments),(More)
To provide further understanding of the biotransformation of benzaldehyde to L-phenylacetyl carbinol (L-PAC), an intermediate in L-ephedrine production, a kinetic model has been developed for the deactivation of pyruvate decarboxylase (PDC) by benzaldehyde. The model confirms that deactivation is first order with respect to benzaldehyde concentration and(More)
Drugs are currently being developed to attenuate oxidative stress as a treatment for brain injuries. C-phycocyanin (C-Pc) is an antioxidant protein of green microalgae known to exert neuroprotective effects against oxidative brain injury. Astrocytes, which compose many portions of the brain, exert various functions to overcome oxidative stress; however,(More)
Human interleukin-2 (hIL-2) production in Escherichia coli and insect cell/baculovirus expression systems can be inefficient. Here we investigated secreted production of hIL-2 fused with green fluorescent protein (GFP) as a versatile fusion partner in optimized stably transfected insect Drosophila melanogaster S2 cells. This nonlytic S2 insect cell(More)
Many chemical and biological processes are dependent on molecular gradients. We describe a new microfluidic approach that can be used to produce spatiotemporal gradients across two-dimensional surfaces and three-dimensional gels under flow-free conditions. Free diffusion between dynamically replenished flow channels acting as a sink and source is utilized(More)
Tautomycetin (TMC), originally isolated from Streptomyces griseochromogenes, has been reported to possess biological functions including T cell-specific immunosuppressive and anticancer activities through a mechanism of differential inhibition of protein phosphatases such as PP1, PP2A, and SHP2. Independently isolated Streptomyces sp. CK4412 was also(More)
Insect Drosophila melanogaster S2 cells were developed as a plasmid-based and therefore nonlytic expression system for functional foreign proteins. Transfection is an important step to introduce foreign target DNA into cells and should be properly optimized to obtain maximum production yield. Single factor search (SFS) methodology is still generally used to(More)
Several biomaterials for neural tissue engineering have recently been proposed for regeneration of damaged tissue and promotion of axonal guidance following CNS injury. When implanted into damaged nerve tissue, biomaterials should favorably induce cell infiltration and axonal guiding while suppressing inflammation. Nanofiber scaffolds are regarded as(More)