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In a cell or microorganism, the processes that generate mass, energy, information transfer and cell-fate specification are seamlessly integrated through a complex network of cellular constituents and reactions. However, despite the key role of these networks in sustaining cellular functions, their large-scale structure is essentially unknown. Here we(More)
Cell biology traditionally identifies proteins based on their individual actions as catalysts, signaling molecules, or building blocks of cells and microorganisms. Currently, we witness the emergence of a post-genomic view that expands the protein's role, regarding it as an element in a network of protein-protein interactions as well, with a 'contextual' or(More)
The co-authorship network of scientists represents a prototype of complex evolving networks. In addition, it offers one of the most extensive database to date on social networks. By mapping the electronic database containing all relevant journals in mathematics and neuro-science for an eight-year period (1991-98), we infer the dynamic and the structural(More)
In searching for potent cancer chemopreventive agents from synthetic or natural products, 28 randomly selected flavonoids were screened for inhibitory effects against partially purified aromatase prepared from human placenta. Over 50% of the flavonoids significantly inhibited aromatase activity, with greatest activity being demonstrated with apigenin (IC50:(More)
To evaluate the distribution and changing patterns of renal diseases in Korea, a total of 4,514 cases of renal biopsy collected over a 23-year period between 1973 and 1995 were reviewed. Of 4,200 cases excluding 314 unsatisfactory biopsies, adult cases comprised 59.5% and pediatric cases, 40.5%. The male to female ratio was 1.5:1 in adults and 2.2:1 in(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare patients with and with no stenting after ureteroscopy for ureteric calculi, as placing such stents is routine, although many patients complain of pain and urinary symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS In all, 45 patients with ureteric calculi amenable to ureteroscopic management were prospectively randomized into a stented (23) or an(More)
The objective of this study was to characterize Huh7 cells' baseline capacity to metabolize drugs and to investigate whether the drug metabolism was enhanced upon treatment with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). The messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of major Phase I and Phase II enzymes were determined by quantitative real-time-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and(More)
BACKGROUND Anatomic tunnel positioning is important in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructive surgery. Recent studies have suggested the limitations of a traditional transtibial technique to place the ACL graft within the anatomic tunnel position of the ACL on the femur. The purpose of this study is to determine if the 2-incision tibial(More)
PURPOSE We studied histopathological changes in kidneys with demonstrable ureteropelvic junction obstruction in relation to patient age, differential renal function and urinary tract infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS Renal biopsy was performed in 42 children (44 kidneys) with a mean age of 3 years 6 months who underwent open pyeloplasty due to(More)
The authors recently reported the increased oral clearance of labetalol in pregnant women. To elucidate the mechanism of the elevated oral clearance, it was hypothesized that female hormones, at the high concentrations attainable during pregnancy, enhance hepatic metabolism of labetalol. Labetalol glucuronidation, which is the major elimination pathway of(More)