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Current evidence indicates that methyl farnesoate is the crustacean equivalent of the juvenile hormones of insects. This putative hormone is produced by the mandibular organs and is negatively regulated by a neuropeptide produced and secreted by the X-organ-sinus gland complex of the eyestalk. To identify this neuropeptide, a bioassay was developed which(More)
Peptidomics and genomics analyses were used to study an anti-infection array of peptides of amphibian skin. 372 cDNA sequences of antimicrobial peptides were characterized from a single individual skin of the frog Odorrana grahami that encode 107 novel antimicrobial peptides. This contribution almost triples the number of currently reported amphibian(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is an important human commensal and opportunistic pathogen responsible for a wide range of infections. Long chain unsaturated free fatty acids represent a barrier to colonisation and infection by S. aureus and act as an antimicrobial component of the innate immune system where they are found on epithelial surfaces and in abscesses.(More)
As central 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is attenuated for a period following a single dose of MDMA (“ecstasy”) and low 5-HT is associated with aggression, then MDMA users may be more aggressive in the days following an acute dose of the drug. This study therefore aimed to determine if acute use of MDMA is associated with aggression 4 and 7 days later.(More)
A novel 11 kDa antimicrobial protein, named as hebraein, and having a unique amino acid sequence, was purified from the hemolymph of fed female Amblyomma hebraeum ticks. A full-length cDNA clone encoding hebraein was isolated from a cDNA library made from tick synganglia. Hebraein consists of 102 amino acids, including 6 cysteine residues; has 9 histidines(More)
Myoglobin (Myg) is an oxygen-binding hemoprotein that is widely thought to be expressed exclusively in oxidative skeletal and cardiac myocytes, where it plays a key role in coping with chronic hypoxia. We now show in a hypoxia-tolerant fish model, that Myg is also expressed in a range of other tissues, including liver, gill, and brain. Moreover, expression(More)
Synthesis of ecdysteroids (molting hormones) by crustacean Y-organs is regulated by a neuropeptide, molt-inhibiting hormone (MIH), produced in eyestalk neural ganglia. We report here the molecular cloning of a cDNA encoding MIH of the edible crab, Cancer pagurus. Full-length MIH cDNA was obtained by using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(More)
Two non-cationic defensin-like antimicrobial peptides, named Amblyomma defensin peptide 1 and Amblyomma defensin peptide 2, were identified from the hard tick, Amblyomma hebraeum, by a combination of suppression subtractive hybridization for differentially expressed genes and proteomics. cDNA clones encoding each of these two defensin-like antimicrobial(More)
Adult males and females of the dog heartworm, Dirofilaria immitis, and of the swine parasite, Ascaris suum, were extracted, the free and polar conjugated ecdysteroid fractions separated and the latter hydrolysed enzymically. The ecdysteroids released by hydrolysis of the conjugates and the free hormones were analysed by radioimmunoassay, high-performance(More)
BACKGROUND Lectins are sugar-binding proteins that specifically recognize sugar complexes. Based on the specificity of protein-sugar interactions, different lectins could be used as carrier molecules to target drugs specifically to different cells which express different glycan arrays. In spite of lectin's interesting biological potential for drug targeting(More)