Huub F J Savelkoul

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We show that a combination of the immunosuppressive drugs, vitamin D3 and Dexamethasone, induced human and mouse naive CD4(+) T cells to differentiate in vitro into regulatory T cells. In contrast to the previously described in vitro derived CD4(+) T cells, these cells produced only interleukin (IL)-10, but no IL-5 and interferon (IFN)-gamma, and(More)
1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (vitD3) is an immunoregulatory hormone with beneficial effects on Th1 mediated autoimmune diseases. Although the inhibitory effects of vitD3 on macrophages and dendritic cells are well documented, any direct effects of vitD3 on Th cell development are not clearly defined. Using CD4(+)Mel14(+) T cells derived from mice on a(More)
Species from all major jawed vertebrate taxa possess linked polymorphic class I and II genes located in an MHC. The bony fish are exceptional with class I and II genes located on different linkage groups. Zebrafish (Danio rerio), common carp (Cyprinus carpio), and barbus (Barbus intermedius) represent highly divergent cyprinid genera. The genera Danio and(More)
The cytokine network is an important homeostatic system with potent activities in immune surveillance, growth, developmental and repair processes. Although interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) is considered a pivotal pro-inflammatory cytokine, merely focussing on its inflammatory role would be too narrow an approach. Elucidation of the human, the mouse and the Fugu(More)
In higher vertebrates, mineralo- (aldosterone) and glucocorticoids (cortisol/corticosterone) exert their multiple actions via specific transcription factors, glucocorticoid (GR) and mineralocorticoid (MR) receptors. Teleostean fishes lack aldosterone and mineral regulatory processes seem under dominant control by cortisol. Despite the absence of the(More)
We studied the presence of Natural antibodies in plasma samples from individual birds from selected chicken lines at young and old age. Binding, specificity, and relative affinity to various antigens were determined in plasma from non-immunized female chickens at 5 weeks of age, and in plasma obtained from the same chickens one year later using indirect(More)
In teleost fish two IFN-gamma gene sequences were found for which two phylogenetic clusters can be distinguished. Our previous analysis of expression of these in carp led us to hypothesize that a classical IFN-gamma function is associated with the IFN-gamma2 cluster. We investigated the evolutionary conservation of the IFN-gamma function, inducing classical(More)
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are commonly used to treat a variety of immune diseases. However, the efficacy of treatment is greatly influenced by an individual variation in sensitivity to GCs, which is caused by differences in the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). The variable receptor profile results from variations in the GR gene, or alternative splicing of the gene(More)
Two interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) genes are expressed in immune cells of teleost fish and are potentially implicated in B- and T-lymphocyte responses. IFN-gamma-2 shows structural and functional characteristics to other vertebrate IFN-gamma genes and is associated with T-lymphocyte function. Expression profiling shows IFN-gamma-2 upregulation in(More)
Interleukin-11 (IL-11) is a key cytokine in the regulation of proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic progenitors and is also involved in bone formation, adipogenesis, and protection of mucosal epithelia. Despite this prominent role in diverse physiological processes, IL-11 has been described in only four mammalian species, and recently, in(More)