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The cofactor nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) has emerged as a key regulator of metabolism, stress resistance and longevity. Apart from its role as an important redox carrier, NAD+ also serves as the sole substrate for NAD-dependent enzymes, including poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), an important DNA nick sensor, and NAD-dependent histone(More)
Two distinct types of reactive astrocytes were studied in rat CNS. Reactive astrocytes secondary to penetrating trauma (anisomorphic gliosis) were induced by stab wounds to the brain. Reactive astrocytes secondary to Wallerian degeneration (isomorphic gliosis) were induced in spinal cord dorsal columns by dorsal rhizotomy proximal to dorsal root ganglia.(More)
Although there are seven mammalian sirtuins (SIRT1-7), little is known about their expression in the aging brain. To characterize the change(s) in mRNA and protein expression of SIRT1-7 and their associated proteins in the brain of "physiologically" aged Wistar rats. We tested mRNA and protein expression levels of rat SIRT1-7, and the levels of associated(More)
It is known that catecholaminergic drugs can induce both locomotion and a late flexion reflex in spinalized animals. We studied spinal reflexes and locomotor activity in five adult spinal rats which had received a suspension of fetal noradrenergic (NA) neurons below the transection and in three control spinal rats. A rhythmical activity similar to the one(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate changes in astrocyte density, morphology, proliferation and apoptosis occurring in the central nervous system during physiological aging. Astrocytes in retinal whole-mount preparations from Wistar rats aged 3 (young adult) to 25 months (aged) were investigated qualitatively and quantitatively following(More)
Over the last decade, the importance of NAD+ has expanded beyond its role as an essential cofactor for energy metabolism. NAD+ has emerged as a major signalling molecule that serves as the sole substrate for several enzymatic reactions including the DNA repair enzyme, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), NAD-dependent protein deacetylases or CD38, and(More)
—In this paper, we address the problem of efficiently allocating network resources to support multiple scalable video streams over a constrained wireless channel. We present a resource allocation framework that jointly optimizes the operation of the link adaptation scheme in the physical layer (PHY), and that of a traffic control module in the network or(More)
Rat spinal cord was stained by indirect immunofluorescence with 11 neurofilament monoclonal antibodies that recognize phosphorylated epitopes. All monoclonals were axon-specific in this location. The large motoneurons containing bundles of neurofilaments did not stain and the pattern remained unchanged after transection of the sciatic nerve in the thigh.(More)
— In this paper, we propose a solution to the problem of streaming multiple video sequences in a capacity constrained, error-prone network. This scenario arises in situations such as multiple mobile computers accessing streamed video through a single access point, or multiple cell phone users serviced by a single base-station. Our approach constitutes a(More)