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Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death; 80-85% of lung cancer cases are non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Smoking is a documented risk factor for the development of this cancer. Although nicotine does not have the ability to initiate carcinogenic events, recent studies have implicated nicotine in growth stimulation of NSCLC. Using three NSCLC(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a leading cause of cancer mortality in Western countries. We have shown previously that four representative human PDAC cell lines were regulated by beta-adrenoreceptors via cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent signaling. In the current study, we have tested the hypothesis that nicotine stimulates(More)
Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths in developed countries. Smoking is an established risk factor for this malignancy but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Previous reports have provided evidence that nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) and beta adrenergic receptors (β-AR) stimulate the growth and migration of(More)
Women are at higher risk for the development of lung adenocarcinoma than men; however, the mechanisms responsible for this are poorly understood. In lung adenocarcinoma cells, the estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) is the predominating form. We found that 17beta-estradiol enhanced proliferation of the putative cells of origin of lung adenocarcinoma, small(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a leading cause of cancer death. Smoking, diabetes, and pancreatitis are risk factors. It has been shown that the growth of PDAC and pancreatic duct epithelial cells is regulated by beta-adrenoreceptors (beta-ARs). The activity of beta-ARs in the central nervous system is counteracted by(More)
Pulmonary adenocarcinoma (PAC) is the leading type of lung cancer in smokers and non-smokers that arises in most cases from small airway epithelial cells. PAC has a high mortality due to its aggressive behavior and resistance to cancer therapeutics. We have shown previously that the proliferation of human PAC cells NCI-H322 and immortalized human small(More)
Small airway epithelial cell-derived adenocarcinoma is the most common human lung cancer and is particularly prevalent in women. We have previously reported that the proliferation of immortalized human small airway epithelial cells HPL1D is stimulated by a single dose of the tobacco carcinogen NNK via cAMP signaling downstream of the beta-1-adrenergic(More)
Psychologic distress is associated with increased lung cancer incidence and mortality. We have shown that non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells in vitro are stimulated by the cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent activation of cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) downstream of β-adrenergic receptors and(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is among the leading causes of cancer deaths and is unresponsive to existing therapy. Smoking and alcohol-induced pancreatitis are among the risk factors for PDAC. We have previously reported that beta-adrenergic receptors (beta-ARs) stimulate the proliferation and migration of human PDAC cells in vitro by(More)
Pancreatic cancer has a poor prognosis and is associated with high levels of psychological stress that may adversely affect clinical outcomes. However, the potential influence of neuropsychological factors on pancreatic cancer has not been investigated to date. Using a mouse model of social stress, we have tested the hypothesis that psychological stress(More)