Hussam Abou Al-Shaar

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BACKGROUND Injuring the internal carotid artery (ICA) is a feared complication of endoscopic endonasal approaches. OBJECTIVE To introduce a comprehensive ICA classification scheme pertinent to safe endoscopic endonasal cranial base surgery. METHODS Anatomic dissections were performed in 33 cadaveric specimens (bilateral). Anatomic correlations were(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the major causes of parkinsonism syndrome. Its characteristic motor symptoms are attributable to dopaminergic neurons loss in the midbrain. Genetic advances have highlighted underlying molecular mechanisms and provided clues to potential therapies. However, most of the studies focusing on the genetic component of PD have(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a hereditary microangiopathy caused by mutations in NOTCH3, very rarely homoallelic. OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical, radiological, and neuropsychological features in an extended CADASIL family including members with either a homozygous or(More)
Pancreatic schwannomas are exceedingly uncommon neoplasms. According to a recent study in 2012, less than 50 cases of pancreatic schwannoma have been described in the English literature over the past thirty years. The vast majority of pancreatic schwannomas take place in the head and body of pancreas, respectively. Herein, we report the case of pancreatic(More)
BACKGROUND Glomangiopericytoma is an uncommonly encountered tumor of the nose and paranasal sinuses, accounting for <0.5% of all sinonasal tumors. Extension of these lesions to the anterior or middle cranial fossa is rare. When this occurs, diagnosing glomangiopericytoma is extremely challenging, as it is often confused with other anterior skull base(More)
BACKGROUND Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy using a programmable battery-based pump is a well-recognized option in the treatment of patients with refractory spasticity. Improvements in clinical scale scores for muscle spasticity among this heterogeneous group of patients may not reflect the functional benefits of this therapeutic option. The aim of our(More)
INTRODUCTION Numerical classification systems for the internal carotid artery (ICA) are available, but modifications have added confusion to the numerical systems. Furthermore, previous classifications may not be applicable uniformly to microsurgical and endoscopic procedures. The purpose of this study was to develop a clinically useful classification(More)
Pneumosinus dilatans (PSD) involves paranasal sinus enlargement without radiologic evidence of localized bone destruction, hyperostosis, or mucous membrane thickening. We discuss the surgical implications of PSD-associated proptosis in patients with anterior skull-base meningioma. A 20-year-old man with proptosis, hypoglobus, and lateral globe displacement(More)
Recessive mutations in PLA2G6 have been associated with different neurodegenerative disorders, including infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy, neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation and more recently, early-onset dystonia parkinsonism. Targeted-next generation sequencing using a custom Neurology panel, containing 758 OMIM-listed genes implicated in(More)