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PURPOSE This study was designed to determine the perceptions of lay people and dental professionals with respect to minor variations in anterior tooth size and alignment and their relation to the surrounding soft tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS Smiling photographs were intentionally altered with one of eight common anterior esthetic discrepancies in(More)
Debates about the "ideal" timing of orthodontic treatment have focused on issues of biologic development and readiness. In this article we examine psychologic issues that should be considered in the decision to initiate orthodontics in the younger child or to wait until adolescence or later. Psychologic development during the preadolescent and adolescent(More)
BACKGROUND Panoramic radiographs (PMX)s may provide information about systemic health conditions. AIMS i). To study clinical periodontal conditions and collect self-reported health status in a cohort of 1084 older subjects; ii). to study signs of alveolar bone loss and carotid calcification from panoramic radiographs obtained from these subjects; and(More)
The oral-facial region is usually an area of significant concern for the individual because it draws the most attention from other people in interpersonal interactions and is the primary source of vocal, physical, and emotional communication. As a result, patients who seek orthodontic treatment are concerned with improving their appearance and social(More)
With increasing numbers of people keeping their teeth into their later years, regular dental care should be a health behavior practiced by all older persons. National surveys show, however, that older people use dental services at a much lower rate than other age groups. Even when low-cost dental services are provided, a significant number of eligible(More)
The role of patient age and cultural background in predicting dental service utilisation and self-care behaviours is discussed in the context of a person-environment model of oral health. This model suggests that dental behaviours are a function of patient characteristics such as age, gender, culture, perceived dental needs and health beliefs, as well as(More)
As part of a series of studies on oral health behaviors of older persons, 81 elderly Japanese Americans were interviewed regarding their dental service utilization patterns, oral health attitudes, and dental status. The sample consisted of 35 Issei (first generation) and 46 Nisei (second generation) Japanese Americans. Because of the significant age(More)
Previous research with other ethnic minorities has shown that culture and age cohort, as well as language and economic limitations, act as barriers to obtaining dental care and maintaining good oral health. This study compared self-reported oral health attitudes, self-efficacy, and dental practices of 20 younger and 23 elderly Korean-Americans. Oral(More)
The nature and severity of behavioral problems, and their relationship to cognitive and functional abilities, was investigated in 56 community-residing patients with Alzheimer's disease. Measures evaluated three domains of function: behavior, cognition and activities of daily living. Problems of cognitive functioning, such as memory loss, confusion, and(More)