Hunter R. Underhill

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE MRI is able to quantify carotid plaque size and composition with good accuracy and reproducibility and provides an opportunity to prospectively examine the relationship between plaque features and subsequent cerebrovascular events. We tested the hypothesis that the characteristics of carotid plaque, as assessed by MRI, are possible(More)
Cross-relaxation imaging (CRI) describes the magnetization transfer within tissues between mobile water protons and macromolecular protons. Whole-brain parametric maps of the principle kinetic components of magnetization transfer, the fraction of macromolecular protons (f) and the rate constant (k), revealed detailed anatomy of white matter (WM) fiber(More)
PURPOSE To compare the diagnostic performances of three T1-weighted 3.0-T magnetic resonance (MR) sequences at carotid intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) imaging, with histo logic analysis as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained for this HIPAA-compliant study. Twenty patients(More)
Cross-relaxation imaging (CRI) is a quantitative magnetic resonance technique that measures the kinetic parameters of magnetization transfer between protons bound to water and protons bound to macromolecules. In this study, in vivo, four-parameter CRI of normal rat brains (N=5) at 3.0 T was first directly compared to histology. The bound pool fraction, f,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate interscan reproducibility of both vessel morphology and tissue composition measurements of carotid atherosclerosis using a fast, optimized, 3T multicontrast protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 20 patients with carotid stenosis >15% identified by duplex ultrasound were recruited for two independent 3T MRI (Philips) scans within(More)
"Vulnerable" plaques are atherosclerotic plaques that have a high likelihood to cause thrombotic complications, such as myocardial infarction or stroke. Plaques that tend to progress rapidly are also considered to be vulnerable. Besides luminal stenosis, plaque composition and morphology are key determinants of the likelihood that a plaque will cause(More)
The purpose of this in vivo MRI study was to quantify changes in atherosclerotic plaque morphology prospectively and to identify factors that may alter the rate of progression in plaque burden. Sixty-eight asymptomatic subjects with >or=50% stenosis, underwent serial carotid MRI examinations over an 18-month period. Clinical risk factors for(More)
OBJECTIVES The Computer-Aided System for CArdiovascular Disease Evaluation (CASCADE) has been developed for streamlined, automated analysis of carotid artery magnetic resonance imaging to measure atherosclerotic plaque burden and composition in vivo. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the performance of CASCADE compared with manual outlining.(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the arterial wall has emerged as a viable technology for characterizing atherosclerotic lesions in vivo, especially within carotid arteries and other large vessels. This capability has facilitated the use of carotid MRI in clinical trials to evaluate therapeutic effects on atherosclerotic lesions themselves. MRI is(More)
Atherosclerosis is now widely recognized as a multifactorial disease with outcomes that arise from complex factors such as plaque components, blood flow, and inflammation. Despite recent advances in understanding of plaque biology, diagnosis, and treatment, atherosclerosis remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Further research into the(More)