Learn More
PURPOSE To evaluate interscan reproducibility of both vessel morphology and tissue composition measurements of carotid atherosclerosis using a fast, optimized, 3T multicontrast protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 20 patients with carotid stenosis >15% identified by duplex ultrasound were recruited for two independent 3T MRI (Philips) scans within(More)
Cross-relaxation imaging (CRI) describes the magnetization transfer within tissues between mobile water protons and macromolecular protons. Whole-brain parametric maps of the principle kinetic components of magnetization transfer, the fraction of macromolecular protons (f) and the rate constant (k), revealed detailed anatomy of white matter (WM) fiber(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE MRI is able to quantify carotid plaque size and composition with good accuracy and reproducibility and provides an opportunity to prospectively examine the relationship between plaque features and subsequent cerebrovascular events. We tested the hypothesis that the characteristics of carotid plaque, as assessed by MRI, are possible(More)
OBJECTIVES The Computer-Aided System for CArdiovascular Disease Evaluation (CASCADE) has been developed for streamlined, automated analysis of carotid artery magnetic resonance imaging to measure atherosclerotic plaque burden and composition in vivo. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the performance of CASCADE compared with manual outlining.(More)
Atherosclerosis is now widely recognized as a multifactorial disease with outcomes that arise from complex factors such as plaque components, blood flow, and inflammation. Despite recent advances in understanding of plaque biology, diagnosis, and treatment, atherosclerosis remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Further research into the(More)
The purpose of this in vivo MRI study was to quantify changes in atherosclerotic plaque morphology prospectively and to identify factors that may alter the rate of progression in plaque burden. Sixty-eight asymptomatic subjects with >or=50% stenosis, underwent serial carotid MRI examinations over an 18-month period. Clinical risk factors for(More)
"Vulnerable" plaques are atherosclerotic plaques that have a high likelihood to cause thrombotic complications, such as myocardial infarction or stroke. Plaques that tend to progress rapidly are also considered to be vulnerable. Besides luminal stenosis, plaque composition and morphology are key determinants of the likelihood that a plaque will cause(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can noninvasively assess changes in atherosclerotic plaque morphology and composition. The ORION trial assessed the effects of rosuvastatin on carotid plaque volume and composition. METHODS The randomized, double-blind ORION trial used 1.5-T MRI to image carotid atherosclerotic plaques at baseline and after 24(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the arterial wall has emerged as a viable technology for characterizing atherosclerotic lesions in vivo, especially within carotid arteries and other large vessels. This capability has facilitated the use of carotid MRI in clinical trials to evaluate therapeutic effects on atherosclerotic lesions themselves. MRI is(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively compare the interpretation and quantification of carotid vessel wall morphology and plaque composition at 1.5-T with those at 3.0-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty participants (mean age, 69.8 years [standard deviation] +/- 10.5; 75% men) with 16%-79% carotid stenosis at duplex ultrasonography were(More)