Hunter R. Underhill

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Cross-relaxation imaging (CRI) describes the magnetization transfer within tissues between mobile water protons and macromolecular protons. Whole-brain parametric maps of the principle kinetic components of magnetization transfer, the fraction of macromolecular protons (f) and the rate constant (k), revealed detailed anatomy of white matter (WM) fiber(More)
Cross-relaxation imaging (CRI) is a quantitative magnetic resonance technique that measures the kinetic parameters of magnetization transfer between protons bound to water and protons bound to macromolecules. In this study, in vivo, four-parameter CRI of normal rat brains (N=5) at 3.0 T was first directly compared to histology. The bound pool fraction, f,(More)
The β-tropomyosin gene encodes a component of the sarcomeric thin filament. Rod-shaped dimers of tropomyosin regulate actin-myosin interactions and β-tropomyosin mutations have been associated with nemaline myopathy, cap myopathy, Escobar syndrome and distal arthrogryposis types 1A and 2B. In this study, we expand the allelic spectrum of(More)
Inflammation plays an important role in progression and rupture of atherosclerotic plaque. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI has been proposed as a tool to evaluate inflammation in vivo by measuring the transfer constant and partial plasma volume, which are influenced by inflammation. This study sought to demonstrate the ability of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI(More)
BACKGROUND Carotid atherosclerotic ulceration is a significant source of stroke. This study evaluates the efficacy of adding longitudinal black-blood (BB) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) angiography to cross-sectional CMR images in the identification of carotid atherosclerotic ulceration. METHODS Thirty-two subjects (30 males and two females with(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to determine differences with cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in the morphology and composition of the carotid arteries between individuals with angiographically-defined obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD, > or = 50% stenosis, cases) and those with angiographically normal coronaries (no lumen irregularities, controls). (More)
PURPOSE To investigate the impact of different field strengths on determining plaque composition with an automatic classifier. MATERIALS AND METHODS We applied a previously developed automatic classifier-the morphology enhanced probabilistic plaque segmentation (MEPPS) algorithm-to images from 20 subjects scanned at both 1.5 Tesla (T) and 3T. Average(More)
Rat brain models effectively simulate a multitude of human neurological disorders. Improvements in coil design have facilitated the wider utilization of rat brain models by enabling the utilization of clinical MR scanners for image acquisition. In this study, a novel coil design, subsequently referred to as the rat brain coil, is described that exploits and(More)
The purpose of this work was to compare the detection accuracy of 3-dimensional (3D) modalities of tuned-aperture computed tomography (TACT) with that of conventional 2-dimensional (2D) digital spot mammograms. A standardized mammographic phantom was placed beneath cadaveric breast tissues of varying densities. Five radiologists were asked to detect as many(More)
Malignant tumors shed DNA into the circulation. The transient half-life of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) may afford the opportunity to diagnose, monitor recurrence, and evaluate response to therapy solely through a non-invasive blood draw. However, detecting ctDNA against the normally occurring background of cell-free DNA derived from healthy cells has(More)