Hungxi Su

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Sternocleidomastoid (SCM) is a long muscle with two bellies, sternomastoid (SM) and cleidomastoid (CM) in the lateral side of the neck. It has been widely used as muscle and myocutaneous flap for reconstruction of oral cavity and facial defects and as a candidate for reinnervation studies. Therefore, exact neuroanatomy of the SCM is critical for guiding(More)
Dysphagia is very common in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and often leads to aspiration pneumonia, the most common cause of death in PD. Current therapies are largely ineffective for dysphagia. Because pharyngeal sensation normally triggers the swallowing reflex, we examined pharyngeal sensory nerves in PD patients for Lewy pathology.Sensory nerves(More)
Dysphagia (impaired swallowing) is common in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and is related to aspiration pneumonia, the primary cause of death in PD. Therapies that ameliorate the limb motor symptoms of PD are ineffective for dysphagia. This suggests that the pathophysiology of PD dysphagia may differ from that affecting limb muscles, but little is(More)
Parkinson disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease primarily characterized by cardinal motor manifestations and CNS pathology. Current drug therapies can often stabilize these cardinal motor symptoms, and attention has shifted to the other motor and nonmotor symptoms of PD that are resistant to drug therapy. Dysphagia in PD is perhaps the most important(More)
Little is known about the specializations of human tongue muscles. In this study, myofibrillar adenosine triphosphatase (mATPase) histochemical staining was used to study the percentage and distribution of slow twitch muscle fibers (slow MFs) within tongue muscles of four neurologically normal human adults and specimens from a 2-year-old human, a newborn(More)
BACKGROUND Because currently existing reinnervation methods result in poor functional recovery, there is a great need to develop new treatment strategies. OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy of our recently developed nerve-muscle-endplate band grafting (NMEG) technique for muscle reinnervation. METHODS Twenty-five adult rats were used. Sternohyoid(More)
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