Learn More
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Oxidative stress [i.e. increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS)] has been suggested as a pathomechanism of different diseases, although the disease-relevant sources of ROS remain to be identified. One of these sources may be NADPH oxidases. However, due to increasing concerns about the specificity of the compounds commonly(More)
Adversity, particularly in early life, can cause illness. Clues to the responsible mechanisms may lie with the discovery of molecular signatures of stress, some of which include alterations to an individual's somatic genome. Here, using genome sequences from 11,670 women, we observed a highly significant association between a stress-related disease, major(More)
Previous studies have shown that glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient cells are under increased oxidative stress and undergo premature cellular senescence. The present study demonstrates that G6PD-deficient cells cultured under 3% oxygen concentration had an extended replicative lifespan, as compared with those cultured under atmospheric(More)
Oxidative stress is known to be a determinant of a host's susceptibility to pathogens. Natural compounds with antioxidant activity may provide a preventive measure against infection. Tea polyphenols were evaluated for their ability to inhibit enterovirus 71 (EV71) replication in Vero cell culture. Among the polyphenolic compounds tested, epigallocatechin(More)
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is involved in the generation of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) and the maintenance of cellular redox balance. We previously showed that G6PD-deficient fibroblasts undergo growth retardation and premature cellular senescence. In the present study, we demonstrate abatement of both the(More)
The host cellular environment is a key determinant of pathogen infectivity. Viral gene expression and viral particle production of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient and G6PD-knockdown cells were much higher than their counterparts when human coronavirus (HCoV) 229E was applied at 0.1 multiplicity of infection. These phenomena were(More)
This study was designed to investigate the effect of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency on pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion using a palmitate-induced inflammation HepG2 in vitro model. The modulation of cellular pro-inflammatory cytokine expression under G6PD deficiency during chronic hepatic inflammation has never been investigated(More)
Variations in the cellular microenvironment affect the host's susceptibility to pathogens. Using glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient fibroblasts as a model, this study demonstrated that the cellular redox status affects infectivity as well as the outcome of enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection. Compared with their normal counterparts,(More)
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), the first and rate-limiting enzyme of the pentose phosphate pathway, is indispensable to maintenance of the cytosolic pool of NADPH and thus the cellular redox balance. The role of G6PD as an antioxidant enzyme has been recognized in erythrocytes for a long time, as its deficiency is associated with neonatal(More)
BACKGROUND Small interfering RNA (siRNA) has emerged as a powerful tool to study the loss-of-function phenotype by specifically silencing a target gene. The success of gene silencing depends on the choice of appropriate target sequence, and requires a rapid and sensitive assay for quantifying siRNA efficiency. Conventional assays include Western blotting(More)