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OBJECTIVE Preauricular sinuses (PAS) are common congenital malformations that usually occur at the anterior margin of the ascending limb of the helix, but the positions of PAS and directions on the fistular tracts are rarely posterior to the external auditory canal (EAC), which presents as a postauricular swelling. We named these cases as the variant type(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Horizontal semicircular canal (HSC) benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) has been reported to have a poorer prognosis than posterior semicircular canal BPPV. Incorrect determination of the affected ear appears to be one of the causes of poorer outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of the "bow and lean test"(More)
BACKGROUND Tinnitus is a common condition and frequently can be annoying to affected individuals. We investigated the prevalence and associated factors for tinnitus in South Korea using the data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) during 2009-2011. METHODS KNHANES is a cross-sectional survey of the civilian,(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) is released in a variety of pathological states in the inner ear. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) can be induced by cytokines and other inflammatory factors, and is generally thought to be associated with inflammation and other pathological processes in the cochlea. The purpose of the present(More)
OBJECTIVES A non-progressive and conductive hearing loss with normal eardrum, but no history of trauma and infection, is highly suggestive of a congenital ossicular malformation. Among ossicular anomalies, stapes anomaly is the most common. The purpose of this study is to describe patterns of stapes anomaly and to analyze its surgical outcome with special(More)
OBJECTIVE Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of horizontal semicircular canal (HSC-BPPV) is characterized by either geotropic or apogeotropic nystagmus induced by head roll test. Some patients also present with spontaneous nystagmus. The aim of this study is to examine the clinical manifestation of spontaneous nystagmus in HSC-BPPV and evaluate the effect(More)
Intralabyrinthine schwannomas (ILSs) are rare benign tumors arising from the distal part of the cochleovestibular nerve confined within the labyrinth. Patients with ILSs complain of hearing loss, vertigo, tinnitus, and ear fullness. Surgical treatment of ILS is performed in special cases such as in cases of patients with nonserviceable hearing, progressive(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has recently attracted a considerable amount of attention as a stromal-derived mediator in tumor-stromal interactions, particularly because of its close involvement in cancer invasion and metastasis, and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) can modulate the cell signaling associated with angiogenesis, metastasis, and(More)
OBJECTIVES Experimental models are of importance to study the pathogenesis of middle ear cholesteatoma, however, they were not established until now. We aimed to develop in vitro model of middle ear cholesteatoma using primary keratinocytes and fibroblasts isolated from cholesteatoma tissue. HaCaT cell line was used as a "skin equivalent" and to compare the(More)
OBJECTIVES We treated patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) with several protocols on an outpatient department (OPD) basis. The study compared the efficacy of 3 different steroid treatments for ISSNHL. STUDY DESIGN A prospective randomized controlled study. SETTING Tertiary referral center. METHODS A total of 60 patients(More)