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OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Horizontal semicircular canal (HSC) benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) has been reported to have a poorer prognosis than posterior semicircular canal BPPV. Incorrect determination of the affected ear appears to be one of the causes of poorer outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of the "bow and lean test"(More)
Intralabyrinthine schwannomas (ILSs) are rare benign tumors arising from the distal part of the cochleovestibular nerve confined within the labyrinth. Patients with ILSs complain of hearing loss, vertigo, tinnitus, and ear fullness. Surgical treatment of ILS is performed in special cases such as in cases of patients with nonserviceable hearing, progressive(More)
OBJECTIVES Experimental models are of importance to study the pathogenesis of middle ear cholesteatoma, however, they were not established until now. We aimed to develop in vitro model of middle ear cholesteatoma using primary keratinocytes and fibroblasts isolated from cholesteatoma tissue. HaCaT cell line was used as a "skin equivalent" and to compare the(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has recently attracted a considerable amount of attention as a stromal-derived mediator in tumor-stromal interactions, particularly because of its close involvement in cancer invasion and metastasis, and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) can modulate the cell signaling associated with angiogenesis, metastasis, and(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) is released in a variety of pathological states in the inner ear. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) can be induced by cytokines and other inflammatory factors, and is generally thought to be associated with inflammation and other pathological processes in the cochlea. The purpose of the present(More)
OBJECTIVES A non-progressive and conductive hearing loss with normal eardrum, but no history of trauma and infection, is highly suggestive of a congenital ossicular malformation. Among ossicular anomalies, stapes anomaly is the most common. The purpose of this study is to describe patterns of stapes anomaly and to analyze its surgical outcome with special(More)
BACKGROUND Tinnitus is a common condition and frequently can be annoying to affected individuals. We investigated the prevalence and associated factors for tinnitus in South Korea using the data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) during 2009-2011. METHODS KNHANES is a cross-sectional survey of the civilian,(More)
OBJECTIVE Preauricular sinuses (PAS) are common congenital malformations that usually occur at the anterior margin of the ascending limb of the helix, but the positions of PAS and directions on the fistular tracts are rarely posterior to the external auditory canal (EAC), which presents as a postauricular swelling. We named these cases as the variant type(More)
Ion channels, such as the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), are essential for maintaining a fluid-free middle ear cavity by controlling periciliary fluid. Deviations from the normal volume or compositions of periciliary fluid are probably responsible for otitis media with effusion. To elucidate the physiologic roles of the ENaC and cystic fibrosis(More)
The middle ear epithelium functions to maintain a fluid-free middle ear cavity. Dysfunction of the middle ear epithelial ion and fluid transport is implicated in the pathogenesis of fluid collection in the middle ear cavity, characteristic of otitis media with effusion. The efficacy of steroid therapy for the treatment of otitis media with effusion remains(More)