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Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) is important in breast cancer (BC) invasion and metastasis. We previously reported that BC brain metastases, in a rat syngeneic model developed in our laboratory, have high expression and activity of MMP2. The MMP2 mechanism of action in the brain is still under intense scrutiny. To study the role of MMP2 in the development(More)
Conceptuses of ruminant ungulates produce large amounts of a type I interferon, interferon-tau (IFNtau), which is the signal for maternal recognition of pregnancy. Induction of cellular Mx proteins is an important component of the response to type I interferon in the immune system, but Mx regulation and function have not been studied in the uterus. This(More)
In order to study the expression of MMP2, MMP3 and MMP9 in breast cancer brain metastasis, we used a syngeneic rat model of distant metastasis of ENU1564, a carcinogen-induced mammary adenocarcinoma cell line. At six weeks post inoculation we observed development of micro-metastasis in the brain. Immunohistochemistry and Western Blotting analyses showed(More)
The progressive spongiform encephalomyelopathy caused by ts1, a neuropathogenic temperature-sensitive mutant of Moloney murine leukemia virus (MoMuLV-ts1), results in motor neuronal loss without direct neuronal infection. We have previously reported that ts1-mediated neuronal degeneration in mice has a multifactorial pathogenesis. Here, we report that in(More)
Thirty-four peripheral nerve sheath tumors of four domesticated animal species were characterized and assayed for point mutation of the neu oncogene. Based on their morphoimmunophenotype, 32 tumors were classified as schwannomas. Schwannoma morphology was characterized by the presence of Antoni type A and B pattern and immunoreactivity for S-100 protein and(More)
Temperature-sensitive mutant of Moloney murine leukemia virus-TB (MoMuLV-ts1)-mediated neuronal death in mice is likely due to both loss of glial support and release of cytokines and neurotoxins from ts1-infected glial cells. Cytotoxic mediators present in ts1-induced spongiform lesions may generate endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, which has been(More)
The Moloney murine leukemia virus (MoMuLV)-ts1 retrovirus, a naturally occurring mutant of MoMuLV-TB, causes a neuroimmunodegenerative syndrome in mice. The authors show here that ts1 triggers apoptosis in immortalized astrocytes, C1 cells, and primary cultured astrocytes, and that this apoptosis is caused by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress resulting from(More)
Von Willebrand factor (vWF), a large multimeric glycoprotein present in blood plasma, is a blood protein of the coagulation system. It is defective in von Willebrand disease and is involved in a large number of other diseases, including thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura-hemolytic uremic syndrome and heyde's syndrome. We have developed a line of transgenic(More)
We have developed a line of transgenic swine harboring recombinant human erythropoietin through microinjection into fertilized one cell pig zygotes. Milk from generations F1 and F2 transgenic females was analyzed, and hEPO was detected in milk from all lactating females at concentrations of approximately 877.9+/-92.8 IU/1 ml. The amino acid sequence of(More)
SUMMARY We previously reported that Moloney murine leukemia virus-ts1-mediated neuronal degeneration in mice is likely a result of both loss of glial support and release of cytokines and neurotoxins from ts1-infected glial cells. Viral infection in some cell types regulates expression of p53 protein, a key regulator of cell proliferation and death.(More)