Hun Taeg Chung

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Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are serine-threonine protein kinases that play the major role in signal transduction from the cell surface to the nucleus. MAPKs, which consist of growth factor-regulated extracellular signal-related kinases (ERKs), and the stress-activated MAPKs, c-jun NH(2)-terminal kinases (JNKs) and p38 MAPKs, are part of a(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S), a regulatory gaseous molecule that is endogenously synthesized by cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE) and/or cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) from L-cysteine (L-Cys) metabolism, is a putative vasodilator, and its role in nitric oxide (NO) production is unexplored. Here, we show that at noncytotoxic concentrations, H(2)S was able to(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the regulation of NF-kappaB activation, which plays an important role in inflammation and cell survival. However, the molecular mechanisms of ROS in NF-kappaB activation remain poorly defined. We found that the non-provitamin A carotenoid, lutein, decreased intracellular H(2)O(2) accumulation by(More)
In this report, we tested the hypothesis that cellular content of non-heme iron determined whether cytotoxic levels of nitric oxide (NO) resulted in apoptosis versus necrosis. The consequences of NO exposure on cell viability were tested in RAW264.7 cells (a cell type with low non-heme iron levels) and hepatocytes (cells with high non-heme iron content).(More)
Although nitric oxide (NO) induces neuronal cell death under some conditions, it also can prevent apoptosis resulting from growth factor withdrawal. We investigated the molecular mechanism by which NO protects undifferentiated and differentiated PC12 cells from trophic factor deprivation-induced apoptosis. PC12 cells underwent apoptotic death in association(More)
Dopamine D2 receptors exist as dimers in whole cell lysate, crude membranes prepared from human caudate, and following solubilization and immunoprecipitation of the receptor from these tissues. Photoaffinity labelling experiments confirmed that D2 receptors exist either as monomers that are selective targets for spiperone or as dimers that are targets for(More)
Curcumin has been shown to induce apoptosis in many cancer cells. However, the molecular mechanism(s) responsible for curcumin-induced apoptosis is not well understood and most probably involves several pathways. In HL-60 cells, curcumin induced apoptosis and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress as evidenced by the survival molecules such as phosphorylated(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) catabolizes heme into CO, biliverdin, and free iron and serves as a protective enzyme by virtue of its anti-inflammatory, antiapoptotic, and antiproliferative actions. Previously, we have demonstrated that human CD4(+) T cells express HO-1 and that HO-1-overexpressing Jurkat T cells tend to display lower proliferative response. The(More)
Nitric oxide (NO), synthesized from l-arginine by NO synthases, is a small, diffusible, highly reactive molecule with dichotomous regulatory roles under physiological and pathological conditions. NO can promote apoptosis (proapoptosis) in some cells, whereas it inhibits apoptosis (antiapoptosis) in other cells. This complexity is a consequence of the rate(More)
Nitric oxide (NO), synthesized from L-arginine by NO synthases, is a small, lipophilic, diffusible, highly reactive molecule with dichotomous regulatory roles in many biological events under physiological and pathological conditions. NO can promote apoptosis (pro-apoptosis) in some cells, whereas it inhibits apoptosis (anti-apoptosis) in other cells. This(More)