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To elucidate the effects of retinoic acids (RAs) on adipogenesis and insulin sensitivity, we treated mature adipocytes with two different kinds of RA, 9-cis-RA and all-trans-RA. Both 9-cis- and all-trans-RA inhibited the secretion of leptin. However, the inhibition was significantly decreased at a higher dose of each RA. The inhibitory effect of 9-cis-RA(More)
Kochujang (Korean fermented red pepper paste) is a mixture of fermented soybeans, wheat, and red pepper powder. Kochujang has been reported to reduce body fat gain and lipid levels of adipose tissues and serum in rats. We studied the inhibitory effect of Kochujang on lipid accumulation and investigated the molecular mechanism of the action in 3T3-L1(More)
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