Humfrey Melling

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[1] The Arctic shelf is currently undergoing dramatic thermal changes caused by the continued warming associated with Holocene sea level rise. During this transgression, comparatively warm waters have flooded over cold permafrost areas of the Arctic Shelf. A thermal pulse of more than 10 C is still propagating down into the submerged sediment and may be(More)
We examined a unique time series of ringed seal (Phoca hispida) samples collected from a single location in the western Canadian Arctic between 1973 and 2007 to test for changes in total mercury (THg) in muscle tissue associated with (1) year and (2) length of ice-free season. We found no temporal trend with muscle THg whereas a curvilinear relationship(More)
During the International Polar Year (IPY), acoustic recorders were deployed on oceanographic moorings in Fram Strait and on the Chukchi Plateau, representing the first coordinated year-round sampling of underwater acoustic habitats at two sites in the High Arctic. Examination of species-specific marine mammal calls recorded from autumn 2008–2009 revealed(More)
The association between changing sea ice conditions and contaminant exposure to Arctic animals interests Inuvialuit harvesters, communities, and researchers. We examined organochlorine contaminant (OC) concentrations in the blubber of 90 male adult ringed seals (Phoca hispida) sampled from the subsistence harvest in Ulukhaktok (formerly Holman), NT, Canada,(More)
In this paper, we will review the results of several studies of significance to the question of future shipping conditions the Canada’s Northwest Passage. As will be shown, these studies raise significant questions around the estimation of the impacts of predicted lighter ice seasons from Global Climate Models and introduce further plausible scenarios that(More)
Northern Canada is projected to experience major changes to its climate, which will have major implications for northern economic development. Some of these, such as mining and oil and gas development, have experienced rapid expansion in recent years and are likely to expand further, partly as the result of indirect effects of changing climate. This article(More)
A recently commercialized sensor, the In Situ Ultraviolet Spectrophotometer (ISUS), can determine seawater nitrate concentrations rapidly. Procedures for incorporating ISUS data within routine conductivity, temperature, and depth (CTD) profiling studies have not been described. Using a CTD system with an ISUS, vertical hydrographic profiles with nutrient(More)
Temperature, salinity, and direct velocity observations from northern Baffin Bay are presented from a summer 2003 survey. The data reveal interactions between fresh and cold Arctic waters advected southward along Baffin Island and salty and warm Atlantic waters advected northward along western Greenland. Geostrophic currents estimated from hydrography are(More)
Scientific and engineering studies in polar and marginal ice zones require detailed information on sea ice thickness and topography. Until recently, vertical ice dimension data have been largely inferred from aerial and satellite remote-sensing sensors. The capabilities of these sensors are still very limited for establishing accurate ice thicknesses and do(More)