Humfrey Melling

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During the International Polar Year (IPY), acoustic recorders were deployed on oceanographic moorings in Fram Strait and on the Chukchi Plateau, representing the first coordinated year-round sampling of underwater acoustic habitats at two sites in the High Arctic. Examination of species-specific marine mammal calls recorded from autumn 2008–2009 revealed(More)
— In this paper, we will review the results of several studies of significance to the question of future shipping conditions the Canada's Northwest Passage. As will be shown, these studies raise significant questions around the estimation of the impacts of predicted lighter ice seasons from Global Climate Models and introduce further plausible scenarios(More)
Scientific and engineering studies in polar and marginal ice zones require detailed information on sea ice thickness and topography. Until recently, vertical ice dimension data have been largely inferred from aerial and satellite remote-sensing sensors. The capabilities of these sensors are still very limited for establishing accurate ice thicknesses and do(More)
Background A two-year program of ice keel depth and ice velocity m easurements was conducted offshore of Sakhalin Island during the winters of 1996-97 and 1997-98. The project was part of a Joint Industry Project for Sakhalin Energy Investment Company Ltd. (SE on behalf of the Sakhalin II Consortium) and Exxon Neftegas Ltd (ENL on behalf of the Sakhalin I(More)
The association between changing sea ice conditions and contaminant exposure to Arctic animals interests Inuvialuit harvesters, communities, and researchers. We examined organochlorine contaminant (OC) concentrations in the blubber of 90 male adult ringed seals (Phoca hispida) sampled from the subsistence harvest in Ulukhaktok (formerly Holman), NT, Canada,(More)
We examined a unique time series of ringed seal (Phoca hispida) samples collected from a single location in the western Canadian Arctic between 1973 and 2007 to test for changes in total mercury (THg) in muscle tissue associated with (1) year and (2) length of ice-free season. We found no temporal trend with muscle THg whereas a curvilinear relationship(More)
A recently commercialized sensor, the In Situ Ultraviolet Spectrophotometer (ISUS), can determine seawater nitrate concentrations rapidly. Procedures for incorporating ISUS data within routine conductivity, temperature, and depth (CTD) profiling studies have not been described. Using a CTD system with an ISUS, vertical hydrographic profiles with nutrient(More)
Northern Canada is projected to experience major changes to its climate, which will have major implications for northern economic development. Some of these, such as mining and oil and gas development, have experienced rapid expansion in recent years and are likely to expand further, partly as the result of indirect effects of changing climate. This article(More)
Temperature, salinity, and direct velocity observations from northern Baffin Bay are presented from a summer 2003 survey. The data reveal interactions between fresh and cold Arctic waters advected southward along Baffin Island and salty and warm Atlantic waters advected northward along western Greenland. Geostrophic currents estimated from hydrography are(More)
This note has been prepared in response to questions and comments that have arisen since the publication of the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment overview document – " Impacts of a Warming Arctic ". It is intended to provide clarity regarding some aspects relative to the material from Chapter 2 Arctic Climate-Past and Present that will appear in full with(More)