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The ganglion cell density of the quail's retina was studied in sections and whole mounts. Two regions of high ganglion cell density were found, corresponding to an afoveate area centralis and an area dorsalis. Oil droplets were found to be isotropically distributed throughout the retina. It is proposed that the significance of such retinal regional(More)
There are ganglion cells in the pigeon retina that respond selectively, some to any edge moving in a particcular direction only, others to any vertically moving horizontal edge. This selective response to a specific stimulus arises from the selective sensitivity of each neuron to a particular spatiotemporal configuration in its afferent influences, and is(More)
The anatomical characteristics of the avian visual system are well known. However, there are wide gaps in our knowledge with respect to the physiological characteristics of their visual system. For example, we lack both an operational identification of the different ganglion cell types present in the retinae of birds, and a description of their presumptive(More)
Birds exhibit a variable retinal organization in terms of foveas and areas of high cell density. The distribution of these retinal structures in different species does not follow phylogenetic lines. In order to study this phenomenon, we presented chickens and pigeons with a luminous bar that could be moved at different speeds and directions in the visual(More)