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Toxoplasma gondii is a parasite that has been extensively studied due to its medical and veterinary importance in terminating pregnancies. Consequently, a satisfactory vaccine is required to control its adverse effects on pregnant animals. The microneme protein, MIC3, is a major adhesion protein that binds to the surface of host cells and parasites, and is(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined the anatomic distribution types and possible determinant of atrial electrogram types during atrial fibrillation. BACKGROUND Different types of atrial electrograms during atrial fibrillation have been observed and classified, but their anatomic distribution patterns, determinants and potential usefulness in guiding future(More)
BACKGROUND The potential ventricular proarrhythmic effect of atrial defibrillation shocks (ADS) remains a concern with automatic internal atrial defibrillation. Optimal R-wave synchronization alone may not be sufficient to prevent the induction of ventricular fibrillation (VF). METHODS AND RESULTS The proarrhythmic effect of ADS synchronized to normally(More)
OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) without additional contrast agents can be performed by directly integrating multislice computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) within the magnetic navigation system (MNS). BACKGROUND Increasingly, CTCA is being used in the diagnostic work-up of patients with coronary disease.(More)
Atrial defibrillation can be accomplished using low energy shocks and transvenous catheters. The biphasic waveform tilt required to achieve optimal atrial defibrillation thresholds (ADFTs) is, however, not known. The effect of single capacitor biphasic waveform tilt modification on ADFT was assessed in 20 patients. Following AF induction the defibrillation(More)
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