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We propose a new statistical method to design spatial filters to recognize and to discriminate between various textures. Unlike existing correlation filters, the proposed filters are not meant to recognize specific shapes or objects. Rather, they discriminate between textures such as terrains, background surfaces, and random image fields. The filters do not(More)
Extraventricular neurocytoma is a well-established entity, and non-classical sites like the cerebellum and spinal cord have occasionally been reported. We report a rare case of intramedullary neurocytoma in an 8-year-old boy who presented with paraparesis and urinary incontinence. This tumour was isointense on T1-weighted image and hyperintense on(More)
OBJECTIVES Most of our understanding of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt blockage (ventricular end) is based on in vitro studies of blocked VP shunts. Not much information is available regarding the in vivo changes that occur in the tube and in the surrounding ventricle. The primary aim of our study was to observe and analyse these changes, directly, through(More)
Vertebral hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors of the spine that remain asymptomatic in most cases and incidentally encountered on imaging. Rarely, altered hemodynamic and hormonal changes during pregnancy may expand these benign lesions resulting in severe cord compression. The management of symptomatic vertebral hemangioma during pregnancy is(More)
We report a case of solitary, primary intraorbital hydatid cyst in a elderly female aged 80 years who presented with nontender, nonpulsatile proptosis of left eye with diminution of vision. MRI scan of the head and the orbits, revealed a retro-bulbar cyst. Surgical excision was performed by employing a lateral orbitotomy approach. Histopathology report(More)
Penetrating head injuries in children constitute only a small part of the total number of traumatic head injuries seen in casualty. A number of household articles have been described to cause penetrating injuries, apart from gunshot and pellet injuries. We describe, for the first time, an unusual case of penetrating injury due to the rotor blade of pedestal(More)
Meninigo-encepahlocoele (MEC) is a common neurosurgical operation. The size of MEC may vary which has bearing with its management. The association of MEC with micrognathia and microcephaly is rarely reported. The association poses special problem for intubation and maintenance of anaesthesia. Giant MEC may lead to significant CSF loss resulting in(More)
Meningomyelocoele (MMC) forms one of the commonest forms of neural tube defect (NTD). It commonly affects lumbosacral area. Double or triple MMC has been reported at various sites of the spine. This supports multiple site closure of neural tube. We report a case of double MMC located at back of head, adjacent to each other like twin MMC. To our best(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has replaced shunt surgery for several indications. Failure of ETV secondary to restenosis can result in recurrence of symptoms of raised intracranial pressure. OBJECTIVE To analyze the rates of restenosis due to ostomy closure and factors resulting in failures and to assess the role of re-ETV in such(More)
Pituitary tumour have a wide way of presentation. Epistaxis due to pituitary adenoma has been rarely reported. There is no report of bleeding from nose as clinical first presentation in a child. We report the first case in literature where a child had epistaxis for eight months before deterioration of vision. He was found to be having a invasive(More)