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Three lab-scale vertical-flow constructed wetlands (VFCWs), including the non-aerated (NA), intermittently aerated (IA) and continuously aerated (CA) ones, were operated at different hydraulic loading rates (HLRs) to evaluate the effect of artificial aeration on the treatment efficiency of heavily polluted river water. Results indicated that artificial(More)
The removal of six endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), including estrone (E1), 17β-estradiol (E2), estriol (E3), 17α-ethinyl estradiol (EE2), bisphenol A (BPA) and 4-nonylphenol (NP), was investigated in 20 rural wastewater treatment facilities (WWTFs) located in a county of Zhejiang Province, China. These WWTFs adopted one of the four treatment(More)
The occurrence and removal of 19 antibiotics (including four macrolides, eight sulfonamides, three fluoroquinolones, three tetracyclines, and trimethoprim) were investigated in two ecological (constructed wetland (CW) and stabilization pond (SP)) and two conventional wastewater treatment processes (activated sludge (AS) and micro-power biofilm (MP)) in a(More)
Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) has been regarded as an efficient process to treat high-strength wastewater without organic carbon source. To investigate nitrogen removal performance of anammox in presence of organic carbon source can broaden its application on organic wastewater treatment. In this work, effect of carbon source on anammox process was(More)
Sequencing batch reactors were used to study anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) process under temperature shock. Both long-term (15–35 °C) and short-term (10–50 °C) temperature effects on nitrogen removal performance were performed. In reactor operation test, the results indicated that ammonium removal rate decreased from 0.35 kg/(m3 day) gradually to(More)
As an efficient and cost-effective nitrogen removal process, anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) could be well operated at suitable pH condition. However, pH shock occurred in different kinds of wastewater and affected ANANNOX process greatly. The present research aimed at studying the performance and kinetics of ANAMMOX granular sludge with pH shock.(More)
The chemistry associated with the disinfection of aquarium seawater is more complicated than that of freshwater, therefore limited information is available on the formation and speciation of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) in marine aquaria. In this study, the effects of organic precursors, bromide (Br-) and pre-ozonation on the formation and speciation of(More)
This study investigated systematically the factors influencing the formation of iodinated disinfection by-products (I-DBPs) during chloramination of I--containing waters, including reaction time, NH2Cl dose, I- concentration, pH, natural organic matter (NOM) concentration, Br-/I- molar ratio, and water matrix. Among the I-DBPs detected, iodoform (CHI3),(More)
Adult diarrhea rotavirus (ADRV) has caused epidemics of diarrhea in China since 1982 and remains the only group B rotavirus associated with widespread disease in humans. We recently characterized the proteins of ADRV and have now proceeded to identify the gene segments encoding each protein. Viral RNA transcripts were synthesized in vitro with the(More)
In order to enhance the removal efficiency of chemical oxygen demand (COD) in the high-salinity landfill leachate, the dominant strains were isolated from high-salinity landfill leachate. The dominant strains and bacteria consortium were screened for COD treatment potential using an aerobic COD concentration decrease test. Ten strains, TJ01–TJ10, were(More)