Huiyong Zhang

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The behavior of transcriptomes and epigenomes in hybrids of heterotic parents is of fundamental interest. Here, we report highly integrated maps of the epigenome, mRNA, and small RNA transcriptomes of two rice (Oryza sativa) subspecies and their reciprocal hybrids. We found that gene activity was correlated with DNA methylation and both active and(More)
Repression of photomorphogenesis in Arabidopsis thaliana requires activity of the COP9 signalosome (CSN), CDD, and COP1 complexes, but how these three complexes work in concert to accomplish this important developmental switch has remained unknown. Here, we demonstrate that Arabidopsis CULLIN4 (CUL4) associates with the CDD complex and a common catalytic(More)
LONG HYPOCOTYL 5 (HY5) is a basic leucine zipper transcription factor (TF) that functions downstream of multiple families of photoreceptors. Mutations in the HY5 gene cause a myriad of aberrant phenotypes in Arabidopsis, including elongated hypocotyl, reduced accumulation of pigments, halted chloroplast development in greening hypocotyls, altered root(More)
Seed germination is regulated by endogenous hormonal cues and external environmental stimuli such as water, low temperature, and light. After germination, the young seedling must rapidly establish its root system and the photoautotrophic capability appropriate to its surrounding environment. Light and the phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) both regulate seed(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) represent an important class of sequence-specific, trans-acting endogenous small RNA molecules that modulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. They function by binding to partial complementary cis-regulatory sites (miRNA binding sites) in their target mRNAs. Based on two recent observations from plant genome studies,(More)
Engagement of antigen receptors triggers the proliferation and functional activation of lymphocytes. Here we report that T cell homeostasis and antigen-induced responses require the COP9 signalosome (CSN), a regulator of the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Conditional deletion of the CSN subunit Csn8 in peripheral T lymphocytes disrupted formation of the CSN(More)
MicroRNAs and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are two classes of small regulatory RNAs derived from different types of precursors and processed by distinct Dicer or Dicer-like (DCL) proteins. During evolution, four Arabidopsis thaliana DCLs and six rice (Oryza sativa) DCLs (Os DCLs) appear to have acquired specialized functions. The Arabidopsis DCLs are(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level in eukaryotes. Exclusive focus on mature miRNA in most expression profiling efforts has prevented effective measurement of the expression of individual miRNA (MIR) genes. Using three sequenced small RNA libraries, we adapted miRDeep, which employs a probabilistic model of miRNA(More)
Endogenous microRNAs (miRNAs) modulate gene expression at the post-transcription level. In plants, a vast majority of MIR genes are thought to be transcribed by RNA Polymerase II (Pol II). However, promoter organization is currently unknown for most plant MIR genes. This deficiency prevents a comprehensive understanding of miRNA-mediated gene networks. In(More)
SUMMARY Ubiquitin-specific proteases (UBPs) are a highly conserved family of proteins in eukaryotes, and play critical roles in protein de-ubiquitination. Here we report a systematic genetic and expression profiling analysis of the UBP gene family in the Arabidopsis thaliana genome. Mutation analysis of 25 of the 27 member genes representing 13 of the 14(More)