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MRI has recently been used for noninvasive examination of retinal structure and function in rats and cats. However, the advantages of quantitative high-resolution MRI of retina from mice have not yet been explored. In the present study, T(1) and T(2) relaxation time constants and the directional apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in the retina of C57/BL6(More)
Neovascularization is a critical component in the progression of malignant melanoma. The objective of this study was to determine whether alpha(nu)beta(3)-targeted paramagnetic nanoparticles can detect and characterize sparse alpha(nu)beta integrin expression on neovasculature induced by nascent melanoma xenografts ( approximately 30 mm(3)) at 1.5T. Athymic(More)
Background—Angiogenesis is a critical feature of plaque development in atherosclerosis and might play a key role in both the initiation and later rupture of plaques that lead to myocardial infarction and stroke. The precursory molecular or cellular events that initiate plaque growth and that ultimately contribute to plaque instability, however, cannot be(More)
Early noninvasive detection and characterization of solid tumors and their supporting neovasculature is a fundamental prerequisite for effective therapeutic intervention, particularly antiangiogenic treatment regimens. Emerging molecular imaging techniques now allow recognition of early biochemical, physiological, and anatomical changes before manifestation(More)
Primary cultures of rat type II alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) or human AEC-derived A549 cells, when exposed to bleomycin (Bleo), exhibited concentration-dependent apoptosis detected by altered nuclear morphology, fragmentation of DNA, activation of caspase-3, and net cell loss over time. In both cell culture models, exposure to Bleo caused time-dependent(More)
Photoacoustic tomography (PAT) combines optical and acoustic imaging to generate high-resolution images of microvasculature. Inherent sensitivity to hemoglobin permits PAT to image blood vessels but precludes discriminating neovascular from maturing microvasculature. α(v)β(3)-Gold nanobeacons (α(v)β(3)-GNBs) for neovascular molecular PAT were developed,(More)
Although many long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been discovered, their function and their association with RNAi factors in the nucleus have remained obscure. Here, we identify RNA transcripts that overlap the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) promoter and contain two adjacent binding sites for an endogenous miRNA, miR-589. We find that miR-589 binds the promoter(More)
Retinal degeneration-1 (rd1) mice are animal models of retinitis pigmentosa, a blinding disease caused by photoreceptor cell degeneration. This study aims to determine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) changes in retinas of 1- and 3-month-old rd1 mice. Apparent diffusion coefficient in retina was measured using diffusion MRI. The blood-retinal barrier(More)
OBJECTIVE Central renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in regulating body fluid balance. The present study determined the effect of maternal dehydration on brain expression levels of angiotensinogen, angiotensin II receptor subtypes, and dipsogenic responses in offspring. METHODS Pregnant rats were deprived of water during late(More)
Angiogenesis is an important constituent of many inflammatory pulmonary diseases, which has been unappreciated until recently. Early neovascular expansion in the lungs in preclinical models and patients is very difficult to assess noninvasively, particularly quantitatively. The present study demonstrated that 19F/1H MR molecular imaging with αvβ3-targeted(More)