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Variegated plants typically have green- and white-sectored leaves. Cells in the green sectors contain normal-appearing chloroplasts, whereas cells in the white sectors lack pigments and appear to be blocked at various stages of chloroplast biogenesis. Variegations can be caused by mutations in nuclear, chloroplast or mitochondrial genes. In some plants, the(More)
Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Miller) cv. Jiahe No. 9 (a salinity-resistant cultivar) and cv. Shuangfeng 87-5 (a salinity-sensitive cultivar) were used as experimental materials to investigate the effects of exogenous selenium (Na2SeO3 0.05 mM) on plant growth, chlorophyll fluorescence, photosynthetic rate, and antioxidative metabolism of chloroplasts in(More)
Movement of tumor cells from a primary tumor to a nonadjacent or distant site is a contiguous and complex process. Among the multiple natural cellular programs that promote initiation and progression of tumor metastasis, epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) may play a key role in the ultimate generation of a metastatic foci. Acquisition of the EMT(More)
BACKGROUND Asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR)-ligand-based separation combined with identification with Hep Par 1 or pan-cytokeratin (P-CK) antibody have been demonstrated to detect circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to develop an improved enrichment and identification system that allows the(More)
This paper presents a generic Virtual Content Insertion (VCI) system based on visual attention analysis. VCI is an emerging application of video analysis and has been used in video augmentation and advertisement insertion. There are three critical issues for a VCI system: when (time), where (place) and how (method) to insert the Virtual Content (VC) into(More)
Visual attention has been a hot research point for many years and many new applications are emerging especially for wireless multimedia services. In this paper a novel region-based visual attention is proposed to detect the Regions of Interest (ROI) of images. In the proposed method, density based image segmentation is first performed by regarding region as(More)
We present a method for estimating human scan paths, which are sequences of gaze shifts that follow visual attention over an image. In this work, scan paths are modeled based on three principal factors that influence human attention, namely low-level feature saliency, spatial position, and semantic content. Low-level feature saliency is formulated as(More)
Leaves and fine roots are among the most important and dynamic components of terrestrial ecosystems. To what extent plants synchronize their resource capture strategies above- and belowground remains uncertain. Existing results of trait relationships between leaf and root showed great inconsistency, which may be partly due to the differences in abiotic(More)
Algebraic side-channel attack (ASCA) is a powerful cryptanalysis technique different from conventional side-channel attacks. This paper studies ASCA from three aspects: enhancement, analysis and application. To enhance ASCA, we propose a generic method, called Multiple Deductions-based ASCA (MDASCA), to cope the multiple deductions caused by inaccurate(More)
NQO1 is an emerging and promising therapeutic target in cancer therapy. This study was to determine whether the anti-tumor effect of tanshinone IIA (TSA) is NQO1 dependent and to elucidate the underlying apoptotic cell death pathways. NQO1(+) A549 cells and isogenically matched NQO1 transfected and negative H596 cells were used to test the properties and(More)