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In order to study the mechanisms underlying the effects of TiO(2) nanoparticles on the brain, ICR mice were injected with nanoparticulate anatase TiO(2) (5 nm) of various doses into the abdominal cavity daily for 14 days. We then examined the coefficient of the brain, the brain pathological changes and oxidative stress-mediated responses, and the(More)
Nanoparticulate titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) has been demonstrated to decrease immunity of mice, but very little is known about the injury of spleen involved immunomodulation and its molecular mechanism. In order to understand the spleen injury induced by intraperitoneal injection of TiO(2) nanoparticules (NPs) for consecutive 45 days, the spleen pathological(More)
Previous research on the biological and toxic effects of nano-TiO2 particles on animals only limit to a single dose. However, the toxicity caused by single dose nano-TiO2 does not truly represent ecological and health effects of nano-TiO2 retained in the environment. In order to further evaluate the toxicity of nano-TiO2 particles, nano-anatase TiO2 (5 nm)(More)
In an effort to examine liver injury, immune response, and other physiological effects in mice caused by intragastric administration of nanoparticulate anatase titanium dioxide (5nm), we assessed T lymphocytes, B lymphocyte and NK lymphocyte counts, hematological indices, biochemical parameters of liver functions, and histopathological changes in(More)
In an effort to examine signaling pathway of inflammation of the mouse liver caused by intragastric administration of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (NPs), we assessed Toll-like receptor-2 (TLR2), TLR-4, IκB kinase (IKK-α, IKK-β), IκB nucleic factor-κB (NF-κB), NF-κBP52, NF-κBP65, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), NF-κB-inducible kinase (NIK), interleukin-2(More)
While the hepatocyte apoptosis induced by TiO(2) nanoparticles (NPs) has been demonstrated, very little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying this mouse liver apoptosis. In order to understand the hepatocyte apoptosis induced by intragastric administration of TiO(2) NPs for consecutive 60 days, the hepatocyte apoptosis, various oxidative stress(More)
To understand the chronic spleen injury induced by intragastric administrations with 2.5, 5, and 10 mg kg(-1) body weight titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2) NPs) for 90 consecutive days, histopathological and ultrastructure changes, hematological parameters, lymphocyte subsets, the inflammatory, and apoptotic cytokines in the mouse spleen were(More)
Although it is known that nano-TiO2or other nanoparticles can induce liver toxicities, the mechanisms and the molecular pathogenesis are still unclear. In this study, nano-anatase TiO2(5 nm) was injected into the abdominal cavity of ICR mice for consecutive 14 days, and the inflammatory responses of liver of mice was investigated. The results showed the(More)
Due to an increase in surface area per particle weight, nanosized titanium dioxide (nano-TiO2) has greatly increased its function as a catalyst and is used for whitening and brightening foods. However, concerns over the safety of nano-TiO2 have been raised. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the protein kinase MAPKs/PI3-K/Akt signaling(More)
Although liver toxicity induced by titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2) NPs) has been demonstrated, very little is known about the molecular mechanisms of multiple genes working together underlying this type of liver injury in mice. In this study, we used the whole-genome microarray analysis technique to determine the gene expression profile in the livers(More)