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Studies have highlighted the importance of histone deacetylase (HDAC)-mediated epigenetic processes in the development of diabetic complications. Inhibitors of HDAC are a novel class of therapeutic agents in diabetic nephropathy, but currently available inhibitors are mostly nonselective inhibit multiple HDACs, and different HDACs serve very distinct(More)
Although the innate immune response to induce postischemic inflammation is considered as an essential step in the progression of cerebral ischemia injury, the role of innate immunity mediator NLRP3 in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke is unknown. In this study, focal ischemia was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion in NLRP3(-/-), NOX2(-/-), or(More)
Although hyperhomocysteinemia (hHcys) has been recognized as an important independent risk factor in the progression of end-stage renal disease and in the development of cardiovascular complications related to end-stage renal disease, the mechanisms triggering the pathogenic actions of hHcys are not yet fully understood. The present study was designed to(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the association between the -149C>T polymorphism of DNA methyltransferase 3B (DNMT3B) and colorectal cancer (CRC) susceptibility. A comprehensive search was conducted to identify all case-control studies of the -149C>T polymorphism of DNMT3B and CRC risk. Statistical analysis was performed with the software program Stata(More)
An increasing number of clinical and animal model studies indicate that activation of the innate immune system and inflammatory mechanisms are important in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain containing 2 (NOD2), a member of the NOD-like receptor family, plays an important role in innate immune response. Here(More)
An increasing number of studies have implicated that the activation of innate immune system and inflammatory mechanisms are of importance in the pathogenesis of numerous diseases. The innate immune system is present in almost all multicellular organisms in response to pathogens or tissue injury, which is performed via germ-line encoded pattern-recognition(More)
Is a 2-dimensional (2D) force feedback device capable of presenting 3-dimensional (3D) shapes? The answer is a qualified "yes." "Force shading", a haptic counterpart of bump mapping in computer graphics, presents a non-flat shape on a nominally flat surface by varying the force vector direction in haptic rendering [Morgenbesser and Srinivasan(More)
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) 9, a member of class II HDACs, regulates a wide variety of normal and abnormal physiological functions, which is usually expressed at high levels in the brain and skeletal muscle. Although studies have highlighted the importance of HDAC-mediated epigenetic processes in the development of ischaemic stroke and very recent(More)
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