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CONTEXT We examined whether human parturition involves functional progesterone withdrawal mediated by changes in myometrial expression of progesterone receptors (PRs)-A and -B. OBJECTIVE Our objectives were to: 1) measure PR-A and PR-B protein levels in human pregnancy myometrium and determine whether the PR-A to PR-B ratio changes with advancing(More)
CONTEXT Progesterone promotes uterine relaxation during pregnancy and its withdrawal induces labor. Progesterone withdrawal in human parturition is mediated in part by changes in the relative levels of the nuclear progesterone receptor isoforms, PR-A and PR-B, in myometrial cells. Parturition also involves myometrial inflammation; however, the functional(More)
Estrogens are thought to promote labor by increasing the expression of pro-contraction genes in myometrial cells. The specific estrogen receptors ((ERs: ERα and ERβ (also known as ESR1 and ESR2)) and G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30; also known as G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1)) and signaling pathways that mediate these actions are not clearly(More)
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system plays an important role in breast tumorigenesis. Breast cancer cells express the type I IGF receptor (IGF-IR) and respond to IGFs in the environment. Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) has been shown to be associated with neoplastic transformation and the invasive phenotype for highly aggressive tumors;(More)
The steroid hormone progesterone acting via the nuclear progesterone receptor (PR) isoforms, progesterone receptor A (PR-A) and progesterone receptor B (PR-B), is essential for the maintenance of uterine quiescence during pregnancy. Inhibition of PR signaling augments uterine contractility and induces labor. Human parturition is thought to be triggered by(More)
Maternal genome influences associate with up to 40% of spontaneous preterm births (PTB). Multiple genome wide association studies (GWAS) have been completed to identify genetic variants associated with PTB. Disappointingly, no highly significant SNPs have replicated in independent cohorts so far. We developed an approach combining protein-protein(More)
The hypothesis that phosphorylation of progesterone receptor (PR) isoforms, PR-A and PR-B, in myometrial cells affects progesterone action in the context of human parturition was tested. Immunodetection of phosphoserine (pSer) PR forms in term myometrium revealed that the onset of labor is associated with increased phosphorylation of PR-A at serine-345(More)
Uterine leiomyoma are a common benign pelvic tumors composed of modified smooth muscle cells and a large amount of extracellular matrix (ECM). The proteoglycan composition of the leiomyoma ECM is thought to affect pathophysiology of the disease. To test this hypothesis, we examined the abundance (by immunoblotting) and expression (by quantitative real-time(More)
Uterine quiescence during pregnancy is maintained by progesterone primarily via signaling mediated by the type-B progesterone receptor (PR-B) in myometrial cells. Withdrawal of PR-B-mediated progesterone activity is a principal trigger for labor. One mechanism for PR-B withdrawal is by inhibition of its activity by the type-A PR (PR-A) isoform in myometrial(More)
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