Learn More
BACKGROUND Coinfection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) may compromise pediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART) in China. In this study, we evaluated the seroprevalence of HBV and HCV in children receiving ART and associated factors. METHODS Patients were selected from HIV-1-infected children under age 16 enrolled in China National(More)
Breast cancer is a highly heterogeneous disease, with several different subtypes being characterized by distinct histology, gene expression patterns, and genetic alterations. The tumor suppressor gene retinoblastoma 1 (RB1) is frequently lost in both luminal-B and triple-negative tumor (TNT; i.e., estrogen receptor-, progesterone receptor-, and human(More)
Systemic infections in avian species caused by avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) are economically devastating to poultry industries worldwide. To unravel factors possibly involved in APEC pathogenicity, suppression subtractive hybridization was applied, leading to the identification of a putative APEC autotransporter adhesin gene aatA in our previous(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to describe 3-year mortality rates, associated risk factors, and long-term clinical outcomes of children enrolled in China's national free pediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART) program. METHODS Records were abstracted from the national human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS case reporting and national pediatric ART(More)
Robust programmatic monitoring of factors associated with the emergence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) drug resistance is an essential component of antiretroviral therapy (ART) program evaluation and treatment optimization. China piloted World Health Organization HIV drug resistance early warning indicators to assess the feasibility and usefulness of(More)
The most common antiretroviral treatment (ART) received by individuals infected with HIV-1 in China is the combination therapy, comprised of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs). To assess the prevalence of HIV-1 drug resistance and subtypes in Honghe of Yunnan, China, patient(More)
BACKGROUND Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has significantly decreased mortality among Chinese HIV patients. However, emerging HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) poses a growing threat to the long-term success and durability of HAART. METHODS Three cross-sectional surveys were conducted across the country from 2004 to 2006, respectively. Patients(More)
BACKGROUND Emerging HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) poses a growing threat to the long-term success and durability of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). OBJECTIVE To understand the incidence of HIVDR and estimate the proportion of potential HIVDR and its associated risk factors among the patients on HAART for one year. METHODS(More)
Approximately two thirds of breast cancer patients have estrogen-dependent carcinomas. The biosynthesis of estrogens is catalyzed by the microsomal enzyme aromatase. Mechanisms controlling human aromatase gene expression are complicated by the existence of multiple tissue specific promoters. The most proximally located PII promoter is mainly active in(More)
In 2003, the Chinese Government initiated a free antiretroviral therapy (ART) program focusing on adult AIDS patients. Pediatric antiretroviral (ARV) formulations were yet unavailable. It was not until July 2005, with the initiation of a two-stage program implemented by the Chinese Ministry of Health, that pediatric formulations became accessible in China.(More)