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Human breast tumors contain a breast cancer stem cell (BCSC) population with properties reminiscent of normal stem cells. We found 37 microRNAs that were differentially expressed between human BCSCs and nontumorigenic cancer cells. Three clusters, miR-200c-141, miR-200b-200a-429, and miR-183-96-182 were downregulated in human BCSCs, normal human and murine(More)
To examine the role of breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) in metastasis, we generated human-in-mouse breast cancer orthotopic models using patient tumor specimens, labeled with optical reporter fusion genes. These models recapitulate human cancer features not captured with previous models, including spontaneous metastasis in particular, and provide a useful(More)
Patient-derived human-in-mouse xenograft models of breast cancer (PDX models) that exhibit spontaneous lung metastases offer a potentially powerful model of cancer metastasis. In this study, we evaluated the malignant character of lung micrometastases that emerge in such models after orthotopic implantation of human breast tumor cells into the mouse mammary(More)
The aims of this study were to determine whether preconditioning blocks cardiocyte apoptosis and to determine the role of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels and the protein kinase C epsilon-isoform (PKC-epsilon) in this effect. Ventricular myocytes from 10-day-old chick embryos were used. In the control series, 10 h of simulated ischemia(More)
Laccases have been used for the decolorization and detoxification of synthetic dyes due to their ability to oxidize a wide variety of dyes with water as the sole byproduct. A putative laccase gene (LacTT) from Thermus thermophilus SG0.5JP17-16 was screened using the genome mining approach, and it was highly expressed in Pichia pastoris, yielding a high(More)
SL-01, an oral gemcitabine derivative, was synthesized by introducing the moiety of 3-(dodecyloxycarbonyl)pyrazine-2-carbonyl at the N4-position on the cytidine ring of gemcitabine. Our goal in this study was to evaluate the efficacy of SL-01 on the growth of human cancers with gemcitabine as control. Experiments were performed on human non-small cell lung(More)
To characterize a putative laccase gene, LacMP, of Moniliophthora perniciosa FA553 that had been screened using a genome mining approach, then cloned and expressed in Pichia pastoris. The purified recombinant LacMP was ~57 kDa with a maximum laccase activity of 232 U/l. The optimal pH for oxidation reactions with(More)
Chemotherapy resistance frequently drives tumour progression. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly characterized. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition has been shown to correlate with therapy resistance, but the functional link and signalling pathways remain to be elucidated. Here we report that microRNA-30c, a human breast tumour(More)
Oxygen radicals and protein kinase C (PKC) mediate ischemic preconditioning. Using a cultured chick embryonic cardiomyocyte model of hypoxia and reoxygenation, we found that the oxygen radicals generated by ischemic preconditioning were H(2)O(2). Like preconditioning, H(2)O(2) selectively activated the epsilon-isoform of PKC in the particulate compartment(More)
A sensitive, specific and accurate LC-MS/MS method was developed for simultaneous determination of icariin, icariside II and osthole in rat plasma. With carbamazepine as the internal standard, plasma samples were prepared by protein precipitation with acetonitrile. Analysis was carried out on an ACQUITY UPLC BEH C(18) column with a linear gradient and 0.1%(More)