Learn More
Human breast tumors contain a breast cancer stem cell (BCSC) population with properties reminiscent of normal stem cells. We found 37 microRNAs that were differentially expressed between human BCSCs and nontumorigenic cancer cells. Three clusters, miR-200c-141, miR-200b-200a-429, and miR-183-96-182 were downregulated in human BCSCs, normal human and murine(More)
To examine the role of breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) in metastasis, we generated human-in-mouse breast cancer orthotopic models using patient tumor specimens, labeled with optical reporter fusion genes. These models recapitulate human cancer features not captured with previous models, including spontaneous metastasis in particular, and provide a useful(More)
Chemotherapy resistance frequently drives tumour progression. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly characterized. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition has been shown to correlate with therapy resistance, but the functional link and signalling pathways remain to be elucidated. Here we report that microRNA-30c, a human breast tumour(More)
The aims of this study were to determine whether preconditioning blocks cardiocyte apoptosis and to determine the role of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels and the protein kinase C epsilon-isoform (PKC-epsilon) in this effect. Ventricular myocytes from 10-day-old chick embryos were used. In the control series, 10 h of simulated ischemia(More)
Metastasis is the main cause of death in breast cancer patients. Cell migration is an essential component of almost every step of the metastatic cascade, especially the early step of invasion inside the primary tumor. In this report, we have used intravital multiphoton microscopy to visualize the different migration patterns of human breast tumor cells in(More)
SL-01, an oral gemcitabine derivative, was synthesized by introducing the moiety of 3-(dodecyloxycarbonyl)pyrazine-2-carbonyl at the N4-position on the cytidine ring of gemcitabine. Our goal in this study was to evaluate the efficacy of SL-01 on the growth of human cancers with gemcitabine as control. Experiments were performed on human non-small cell lung(More)
Oxygen radicals and protein kinase C (PKC) mediate ischemic preconditioning. Using a cultured chick embryonic cardiomyocyte model of hypoxia and reoxygenation, we found that the oxygen radicals generated by ischemic preconditioning were H(2)O(2). Like preconditioning, H(2)O(2) selectively activated the epsilon-isoform of PKC in the particulate compartment(More)
A sensitive, specific and accurate LC-MS/MS method was developed for simultaneous determination of icariin, icariside II and osthole in rat plasma. With carbamazepine as the internal standard, plasma samples were prepared by protein precipitation with acetonitrile. Analysis was carried out on an ACQUITY UPLC BEH C(18) column with a linear gradient and 0.1%(More)
CD95 (APO-1/Fas) is a death receptor used by immune cells to kill cancer cells through induction of apoptosis. However, the elimination of CD95 or its ligand, CD95L, from cancer cells results in death induced by CD95R/L elimination (DICE), a type of cell death that resembles a necrotic form of mitotic catastrophe suggesting that CD95 protects cancer cells(More)
The retinoblastoma (Rb) tumor suppressor is a key regulator of cell cycle checkpoints but also protects against cell death induced by stresses such as DNA damage and death receptor ligation. We report here that cell death of Rb-deficient cells exposed to key genotoxic agents was associated with increased expression of S phase-specific E2F target genes and(More)