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Higher-order chromatin structure is emerging as an important regulator of gene expression. Although dynamic chromatin structures have been identified in the genome, the full scope of chromatin dynamics during mammalian development and lineage specification remains to be determined. By mapping genome-wide chromatin interactions in human embryonic stem (ES)(More)
A major challenge in metabolic engineering and synthetic biology is to balance the flux of an engineered heterologous metabolic pathway to achieve high yield and productivity in a target organism. Here, we report a simple, efficient and programmable approach named 'customized optimization of metabolic pathways by combinatorial transcriptional engineering(More)
The assembly of large recombinant DNA encoding a whole biochemical pathway or genome represents a significant challenge. Here, we report a new method, DNA assembler, which allows the assembly of an entire biochemical pathway in a single step via in vivo homologous recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We show that DNA assembler can rapidly assemble a(More)
A xylose reductase (XR) gene was identified from the Neurospora crassa whole-genome sequence, expressed heterologously in Escherichia coli, and purified as a His6-tagged fusion in high yield. This enzyme is one of the most active XRs thus far characterized and may be used for the in vitro production of xylitol.
Plant basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors play essential roles in abiotic stress tolerance. However, most bHLHs have not been functionally characterized. Here, we characterized the functional role of a bHLH transcription factor from Arabidopsis, AtbHLH112, in response to abiotic stress. AtbHLH112 is a nuclear-localized protein, and its(More)
Entity identification, i.e., detecting semantically corresponding records from heterogeneous data sources, is a critical step in integrating the data sources. The objective of this research is to develop and evaluate a novel multiple classifier system approach that improves entity identification accuracy. We apply various classification techniques drawn(More)
Escherichia coli only maintains a small amount of cellular malonyl-CoA, impeding its utility for overproducing natural products such as polyketides and flavonoids. Here, we report the use of various metabolic engineering strategies to redirect the carbon flux inside E. coli to pathways responsible for the generation of malonyl-CoA. Overexpression of(More)
Actinobacteria, particularly those of genus Streptomyces, remain invaluable hosts for the discovery and engineering of natural products and their cognate biosynthetic pathways. However, genetic manipulation of these bacteria is often labor and time intensive. Here, we present an engineered CRISPR/Cas system for rapid multiplex genome editing of Streptomyces(More)
By combining cellulase production, cellulose hydrolysis, and sugar fermentation into a single step, consolidated bioprocessing (CBP) represents a promising technology for biofuel production. Here we report engineering of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains displaying a series of uni-, bi-, and trifunctional minicellulosomes. These minicellulosomes consist of(More)
This protocol describes a directed evolution method for in vitro mutagenesis and recombination of polynucleotide sequences. The staggered extension process (StEP) is essentially a modified PCR that uses highly abbreviated annealing and extension steps to generate staggered DNA fragments and promote crossover events along the full length of the template(More)