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Archaea have been shown to produce isoprenoids from mevalonate; however, genome analysis has failed to identify several genes in the mevalonate pathway on the basis of sequence similarity. A predicted archaeal kinase, coded for by the MJ0044 gene, was associated with other mevalonate pathway genes in the archaea and was predicted to be the "missing"(More)
Hevea brasiliensis, being the only source of commercial natural rubber, is an extremely economically important crop. In an effort to facilitate biological, biochemical and molecular research in rubber biosynthesis, here we report the use of next-generation massively parallel sequencing technologies and de novo transcriptome assembly to gain a comprehensive(More)
The hyperthermophilic euryarchaeon Methanococcus jannaschii uses coenzyme M (2-mercaptoethanesulfonic acid) as the terminal methyl carrier in methanogenesis. We describe an enzyme from that organism, (2R)-phospho-3-sulfolactate synthase (ComA), that catalyzes the first step in coenzyme M biosynthesis. ComA catalyzed the stereospecific Michael addition of(More)
Methanofuran is the first coenzyme in the methanogenic pathway used by the archaeon Methanocaldococcus jannaschii, as well as other methanogens, to reduce CO2 to methane. The details of the pathway for the biosynthesis of methanofuran and the responsible genes have yet to be established. A clear structural element in all known methanofurans is tyramine,(More)
Proteins in the ATP-grasp superfamily of amide bond-forming ligases have evolved to function in a number of unrelated biosynthetic pathways. Previously identified homologs encoding glutathione synthetase, d-alanine:d-alanine ligase and the bacterial ribosomal protein S6:glutamate ligase have been vertically inherited within certain organismal lineages.(More)
Recent work has raised a question as to the involvement of erythrose-4-phosphate, a product of the pentose phosphate pathway, in the metabolism of the methanogenic archaea (R. H. White, Biochemistry 43:7618-7627, 2004). To address the possible absence of erythrose-4-phosphate in Methanocaldococcus jannaschii, we have assayed cell extracts of this methanogen(More)
A biosynthetic pathway is proposed for creating 6-deoxy-5-ketofructose-1-phosphate (DKFP), a precursor sugar for aromatic amino acid biosynthesis in Methanocaldococcus jannaschii. First, two possible routes were investigated to determine if a modified, established biosynthetic pathway could be responsible for generating 6-deoxyhexoses in M. jannaschii. Both(More)
The protein product of the Methanococcus jannaschii MJ0768 gene has been expressed in Escherichia coli, purified to homogeneity, and shown to catalyze the GTP-dependent addition of two l-glutamates to the l-lactyl phosphodiester of 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin (F(420)-0) to form F(420)-0-glutamyl-glutamate (F(420)-2). Since the reaction is the(More)
The genome sequence of the hyperthermophilic methanogen Methanococcus jannaschii contains homologs of most genes required for spermidine polyamine biosynthesis. Yet genomes from neither this organism nor any other euryarchaeon have orthologs of the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent ornithine or arginine decarboxylase genes, required to produce putrescine.(More)
The hydride carrier coenzyme F420 contains the unusual chromophore 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin (FO). Microbes that generate F420 produce this FO moiety using a pyrimidine intermediate from riboflavin biosynthesis and the 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate precursor of tyrosine. The fbiC gene, cloned from Mycobacterium smegmatis, encodes the bifunctional(More)