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PURPOSE Cytomegalovirus retinitis is the most common intraocular infection in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). With prolonged suppressive anticytomegalovirus maintenance therapy, resistance occurs in over 25% of patients. We evaluated longitudinal changes in the cytomegalovirus genotype in patients with cytomegalovirus retinitis who(More)
The P2X(7) receptor is associated with the death of many cell types, and growing evidence supports its presence on neurons. Activation of the P2X(7) receptor on isolated retinal ganglion cells increases intracellular calcium levels and can kill the cells. Within the intact eye, however, glia and other cell types surrounding the ganglion cells may provide(More)
PURPOSE The cellular mechanisms linking elevated IOP with glaucomatous damage remain unresolved. Mechanical strains and short-term increases in IOP can trigger ATP release from retinal neurons and astrocytes, but the response to chronic IOP elevation is unknown. As excess extracellular ATP can increase inflammation and damage neurons, we asked if sustained(More)
Epidemiological surveys have demonstrated that helminth infections are negatively related to atopic diseases, including asthma. Defining and characterising specific helminth molecules that have excellent immunomodulatory capacities as potential therapeutics for the treatment or prophylaxis of allergic manifestations are of great interest. AcCystatin, a(More)
Varicella-zoster virus infects human dendritic cells (DCs). We found that VZV infection of DCs resulted in down-regulation of Fas expression on the surface of cells. VZV ORF47 was critical for replication of virus in human immature, but not mature DCs. Immature DCs infected with a mutant virus unable to express ORF47 expressed similar levels of a VZV(More)
In this work, fast and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with multivariate analysis was utilized to assist the quality assessment of Rhodiola rosea extracts (RREs). 131 peaks were separated and detected in RREs on a fused-core C18 column. Principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) of the(More)
In this work, a high-speed countercurrent chromatography (HSCCC) method was established for the preparation of phorbol esters (PEs) from Jatropha curcas. n-Hexane-ethyl acetate-methanol-water (1.5:1.5:1.2:0.5, v/v) was selected as the optimum two-phase solvent system to separate and purify jatropha factor C1 (JC1) with a purity of 85.2%, as determined by(More)
Murine CD21 gene products are expressed primarily on the surface of B lymphocytes and follicular dendritic cells. To identify the genetic elements that control the tissue-specific expression of the CD21 gene, we analyzed, via transient transfections, the 5' proximal promoter region of the CD21 gene (1272 bp 5' of the initiating ATG). This region possessed(More)