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The kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis) is an economically and nutritionally important fruit crop with remarkably high vitamin C content. Here we report the draft genome sequence of a heterozygous kiwifruit, assembled from ~140-fold next-generation sequencing data. The assembled genome has a total length of 616.1 Mb and contains 39,040 genes. Comparative(More)
BACKGROUND Cell-cycle-related proteins, such as cyclins or cyclin-dependent kinases, may have functions beyond that of cell cycle regulation. The expression and translocation of cyclinD1-CDK4 in post-mitotic neurons indicate that they may have supplementary functions in differentiated neurons that might be associated with neuronal plasticity. RESULTS In(More)
Sex differences in performance and in cortical activation patterns during mental rotation have rather consistently been reported. Data regarding sex differences of event-related potentials during the classic three-dimensional mental rotation task developed by Shepard and Metzler, however, are absent, and were therefore being addressed by this study. Mental(More)
Recent studies have shown that lead (Pb) could disrupt the prooxidant/antioxidant balance of tissue which leads to biochemical and physiological dysfunction. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a catechin polyphenols component, is found to be an effective antioxidant. The present study investigated whether EGCG administration could reverse the changes on(More)
Lead is a well-known toxin in the environment that causes severe damage to the nervous system. Gastrodin is the main bioactive component of Tian ma ( GASTRODIA ELATA Bl.), which is a traditional herbal medicine widely used in eastern Asia. Increasing lines of evidence show that gastrodin has diverse effects, especially neuroprotective effects. In the(More)
BACKGROUND The growing applications of nanotechnologic products, such as quantum dots (QDs), increase the likelihood of exposure. Furthermore, their accumulation in the bioenvironment and retention in cells and tissues are arousing increasing worries about the potentially harmful side effects of these nanotechnologic products. Previous studies concerning QD(More)
This study evaluates the interaction of selenium (Se) and mercury (Hg) in the accumulations and oxidative stress of rat tissues. Rats were divided into five groups including one control (n=9) and four treated groups including M-Hg (n=9), L-Hg+Se (n=11), M-Hg+Se (n=10), and H-Hg+Se (n=10) group. Treated groups of rats were instilled with different amounts of(More)
Transcription factors (TFs) are proteins that bind to specific DNA sequences, thereby playing crucial roles in gene-expression regulation through controlling the transcription of genetic information from DNA to RNA. Transcription cofactors and chromatin remodeling factors are also essential in the gene transcriptional regulation. Identifying and annotating(More)
Members of the transmembrane AMPA receptor-regulatory protein (TARP) family modulate AMPA receptor (AMPA-R) trafficking and function. AMPA-Rs consist of four pore-forming subunits. Previous studies show that TARPs are an integral part of the AMPA-R complex, acting as accessory subunits for mature receptors in vivo. The TARP/AMPA-R stoichiometry was(More)
In all the studied mammalian species, chromatin in the germinal vesicle (GV) is initially decondensed with the nucleolus not surrounded by heterochromatin (the NSN configuration). During oocyte growth, the GV chromatin condenses into perinucleolar rings (the SN configuration) or other corresponding configurations with or without the perinucleolar rings,(More)