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The root stem cell niche defines the area that specifies and maintains the stem cells and is essential for the maintenance of root growth. Here, we characterize and examine the functional role of a quiescent center (QC)-expressed RAC/ROP GTPase activator, RopGEF7, in Arabidopsis thaliana. We show that RopGEF7 interacts with At RAC1 and overexpression of a(More)
Ultra-small superparamagnetic particles of iron oxides (USPIO) have been developed as intravenous organ/tissue-targeted contrast agents to improve magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in vivo. However, their potential toxicity and effects on metabolism have attracted particular attention. In the present study, uncoated and dextran-coated USPIO were investigated(More)
As ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxides (USPIO) have been widely used in clinical medicine as MRI contrast agents, hence their potential toxicity and adverse effects following administration have attracted particular attention. In the present study, high resolution magic-angle-spinning (1)H NMR spectroscopy coupled with multivariate(More)
The origin recognition complex (ORC) is a pivotal element in DNA replication, heterochromatin assembly, checkpoint regulation and chromosome assembly. Although the functions of the ORC have been determined in yeast and model animals, they remain largely unknown in the plant kingdom. In this study, Oryza sativa Origin Recognition Complex subunit 3 (OsORC3)(More)
Upon apoptotic stimuli, lysosomal proteases, including cathepsins and chymotrypsin, are released into cytosol due to lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP), where they trigger apoptosis via the lysosomal-mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis. Herein, the mechanism of LMP was investigated. We found that caspase 8-cleaved Bid (tBid) could result in LMP(More)
Polygalacturonase (PG), one of the hydrolases responsible for cell wall pectin degradation, is involved in organ consenescence and biotic stress in plants. PG1 is composed of a catalytic subunit, PG2, and a non-catalytic PG1β subunit. OsBURP16 belongs to the PG1β-like subfamily of BURP-family genes and encodes one putative PG1β subunit precursor in rice(More)
We extracted cucurmosin (CUS) from the sarcocarp of Cucrubita moschata (pumpkin). Recently, a number of studies have indicated that CUS has cytotoxic properties and induces apoptosis in a number of human tumor cells. However, the detailed mechanisms are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to confirm CUS's anticancer activity on human hepatoma HepG2(More)
Advanced thermoelectric technology offers a potential for converting waste industrial heat into useful electricity, and an emission-free method for solid state cooling. Worldwide efforts to find materials with thermoelectric figure of merit, zT values significantly above unity, are frequently focused on crystalline semiconductors with low thermal(More)
Identification of new compounds especially those with new skeletons from plant kingdom has long been a vital aspect for understanding phytochemistry, plant metabolisms and discovering new bioactive compounds. In this study, we identified and isolated three novel polyphenolic compounds, origanine A-C, from a well-researched plant Origanum vulgare L. using(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze the complication rates of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and to study the risk factors associated with the nonelective removal of PICCs. One hundred four premature infants were enrolled. Ninety-one PICCs were removed electively. The complications rate was 31.73%,(More)