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Up-converting rare-earth nanophosphors (UCNPs) have great potential to revolutionize biological luminescent labels, but their use has been limited by difficulties in obtaining UCNPs that are biocompatible. To address this problem, we have developed a simple and versatile strategy for converting hydrophobic UCNPs into water-soluble and carboxylic(More)
Comparing elevational gradients across a wide spectrum of climatic zones offers an ideal system for testing hypotheses explaining the altitudinal gradients of biodiversity. We document elevational patterns of lizard and snake species richness, and explore how land area and climatic factors may affect species distributions of lizards and snakes. Our(More)
MicroRNA-203 (miR-203), possessing tumor suppressive or promotive activities, has been found to be downregulated or upregulated in different cancer types. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the increased expression of miR-203 can be used as a noninvasive diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Real-time(More)
The kinetics of phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase D activated by phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) and inhibition by neomycin were studied in an enzyme preparation partially purified from human hepatocarcinoma cell line. It was found that phospholipase D was marginally activated by phosphatidyl-4-phosphate (PIP) and(More)
A new homocysteine-selective sensor based on the iridium(III) complex Ir(pba)2(acac) (Hpba = 4-(2-pyridyl)benzaldehyde; acac = acetylacetone) was synthesized, and its' photophysical properties were studied. Upon the addition of homocysteine (Hcy) to a semi-aqueous solution of Ir(pba)2(acac), a color change from orange to yellow and a luminescent variation(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elasticity imaging for differentiating between benign and malignant thyroid lesions. METHODS Hospitalized patients needing thyroid surgery were evaluated. After routine thyroid sonography, the patients underwent ARFI elasticity imaging. Virtual Touch(More)
This research examined the applicability of using a neural network approach to analyze population pharmacokinetic data. Such data were collected retrospectively from pediatric patients who had received tobramycin for the treatment of bacterial infection. The information collected included patient-related demographic variables (age, weight, gender, and other(More)
MOTIVATION With increasing availability of temporal real-world networks, how to efficiently study these data? One can model a temporal network as a single aggregate static network, or as a series of time-specific snapshots, each being an aggregate static network over the corresponding time window. Then, one can use established methods for static analysis on(More)
Atherosclerosis (AS) is a progressive disease that contributes to cardiovascular disease and shows a complex etiology, including genetic and environmental factors. To understand systemic metabolic changes and to identify potential biomarkers correlated with the occurrence and perpetuation of diet-induced AS, we applied 1H NMR-based metabolomics to detect(More)
Acute rejection is a major problem for allograft transplantation in the clinic. Classic immunosuppressive drug therapy is accompanied by a variety of side effects. Therefore, safe and effective immunosuppressive drugs remain in demand. In this study, the effect of sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) on prolonging the allogeneic skin graft survival was(More)