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Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) of tubular cells contributes to the renal accumulation of matrix protein that is associated with diabetic nephropathy. Both high glucose and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) are able to induce EMT in cell culture. In this study, we examined the role of the thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) on EMT induced(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a positive regulator of the expression of antioxidant genes. This study is aimed at examining the effect of tert-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ), an activator of Nrf2, on hyperglycemia-related diabetic nephropathy. METHODS CD-1 mice were induced with streptozotocin and treated with 1% tBHQ, or(More)
In this study, β2-AR level was found to be up-regulated in MCF-7 cells overexpressing Her2 (MCF-7/Her2). Correlation of β2-AR level with Her2 status was demonstrated in breast cancer tissue samples. Constitutive phosphorylation of ERK, mRNA expression up-regulation of catecholamine-synthesis enzymes, and increased epinephrine release were detected in(More)
Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic kidney injury. SS-31 is a mitochondria-targeted tetrapeptide that can scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we investigated the effect and molecular mechanism of mitochondria-targeted antioxidant peptide SS-31 on injuries in diabetic kidneys and mouse mesangial cells (MMCs) exposed to(More)
Excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a key role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. The thioredoxin (TRX) system, a major thiol antioxidant system, regulates the reduction of intracellular ROS. Here we show that high glucose (HG) inhibits TRX ROS-scavenging function through p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-mediated induction of(More)
DL-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) is a therapeutic drug used for ischemic stroke treatment. Here, we investigated the impact of NBP on the development of rat diabetic cataract induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). NBP was then administrated by oral gavage for nine weeks. Cataract development was monitored through ophthalmoscope(More)
Podocytes are terminally differentiated epithelial cells lacking the ability to proliferate. The loss of podocytes is a hallmark of progressive kidney diseases, including diabetic nephropathy (DN). Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)-induced apoptosis is involved in a number of pathological conditions, including DN. The aim of the present study was to(More)
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy with the highest incidence among women in the world. Metastasis is the major reason for breast cancer-related deaths. The precise molecular circuitry that governs the metastasis process has not been completely understood. Discoveries of microRNAs (miRNAs) open a new avenue for cancer metastasis research. It has(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is a complex and poorly understood disease process, and our current treatment options are limited. It remains critical, then, to identify novel therapeutic targets. Recently, a developmental protein and one of the bone morphogenetic protein antagonists, Gremlin, has emerged as a novel modulator of diabetic nephropathy. The high(More)
Stress, anxiety and depression can cause complex physiological and neuroendocrine changes, resulting in increased level of stress related hormone catecholamine, which may constitute a primary mechanism by which physiological factors impact gene expression in tumors. In the present study, we investigated the effects of catecholamine stimulation on MMP-7(More)