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PURPOSE Though polymorphisms of the tumor suppressor gene p53 have been extensively investigated in numerous tumors, particularly tumors associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. However, the results remain controversial. Our previous study showed that HPV serostatus is not an independent risk factor for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC)(More)
PURPOSE Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) metastasizes fairly often to the brain, but identifying which patients will develop brain metastases is problematic. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway is important in the control of cell growth, tumorigenesis, and cell invasion. We hypothesized that genotype variants in this pathway(More)
Hypermethylation in the promoter region of tumor suppressor genes is a common mechanism of gene silencing, which tends to occur in cancer. The effects of 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR), a specific DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, on the cell proliferation of human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 and on the expression of Apaf-1 gene were investigated.(More)
CD133 is one of the most common stem cell markers, and functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CD133 may modulate its gene functions and thus cancer risk and patient survival. We hypothesized that potentially functional CD133 SNPs are associated with gastric cancer (GC) risk and survival. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a case-control(More)
PURPOSE The ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene mediates detection and repair of DNA damage. We investigated associations between ATM polymorphisms and severe radiation-induced pneumonitis (RP). METHODS AND MATERIALS We genotyped 3 potentially functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ATM (rs1801516 [D1853N/5557G>A], rs189037 [-111G>A] and(More)
The Notch pathway is involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and survival. The Notch signaling pathway is one of the most commonly activated signaling pathways in cancer. Alterations include activating mutations and amplification of the Notch pathway, which play key roles in the progression of cancer. Accumulating evidence suggests that the(More)
BACKGROUND LIN28 is an RNA-binding protein that not only plays key roles in multiple cellular developmental processes and tumourigenesis, but also is involved in tissue inflammatory response. However, no published study has investigated associations between genetic variants in LIN28 and radiation-induced pneumonitis (RP) in patients with non-small cell lung(More)
Mushroom Huaier has become a focus of interest in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Presently, we isolated and purified one polysaccharide from this mushroom. This study aimed to investigate the effects of SP1 on tumor growth and metastasis in a HCC xenograft model and explore its possible mechanism of action. Our results showed that SP1 not(More)
DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK), including Ku80, Ku70 and DNA-PK catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs), is the key protein in non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) after DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) appear. In this study, small hairpin interfering RNAs (siRNAs) targeting Ku80 and DNA- PKcs were used both individually and in combination, to explore the effects(More)
In order to investigate the effects of short hairpin RNA (shRNA) on the expression of Survivin, cell cycle and cell proliferation in MCF-7 cells, using a pEGFP vector which contained a U6 promoter shRNA plasmid targeted against survivin was constructed and transfected into MCF-7 cells. The change of the expression of Survivin and cell proliferation rates(More)