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In metabolomics, tissues typically are extracted by grinding in liquid nitrogen followed by the stepwise addition of solvents. This is time-consuming and difficult to automate, and the multiple steps can introduce variability. Here we optimize tissue extraction methods compatible with high-throughput, reproducible nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)(More)
Metabolomic analysis of tissue samples can be applied across multiple fields including medicine, toxicology, and environmental sciences. A thorough evaluation of several metabolite extraction procedures from tissues is therefore warranted. This has been achieved at two research laboratories using muscle and liver tissues from fish. Multiple replicates of(More)
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are phase II enzymes that facilitate the detoxification of xenobiotics, and also play important roles in antioxidant defense. In this study, we reported the cloning and molecular characteristics of seven genes of the GST family (VpGSTS1, VpGSTS2, VpGSTS3, VpGSTO, VpGSTMi, VpGSTM and VpGSTR) from Venerupis philippinarum(More)
Clam Ruditapes philippinarum is one of the important marine aquaculture species in North China. However, pathogens can often cause diseases and lead to massive mortalities and economic losses of clam. In this work, we compared the metabolic responses induced by Vibrio anguillarum and Vibrio splendidus challenges towards hepatopancreas of clam using(More)
Cinnabar, an important traditional Chinese mineral medicine, has been widely used as a Chinese patent medicine ingredient for sedative therapy. However, the pharmaceutical and toxicological effects of cinnabar, especially in the whole organism, were subjected to few investigations. In this study, an NMR-based metabolomics approach has been applied to(More)
Halophyte plants offer a greater potential for phytoremediation research for reducing the levels of toxic metals from saline soils than salt sensitive plants. Using the scanning ion-selective electrode technique, we analyzed the pattern and rate of Cd(2+) fluxes at different regions of the root apex of Suaeda salsa. The Cd(2+) influx in the rhizosphere was(More)
The subacute toxicity of aristolochic acid (AA) was investigated by (1)H NMR spectroscopic and pattern recognition (PR)-based metabonomic methods. Model toxins were used to enable comparisons of the urinary profiles from rats treated with known toxicants and AA at various time intervals. Urinary (1)H NMR spectra were data-processed and analyzed by pattern(More)
The toxicological effects of realgar after intragastrical administration (1 g/kg body weight) were investigated over a 21 day period in male Wistar rats using metabonomic analysis of (1)H NMR spectra of urine, serum and liver tissue aqueous extracts. Liver and kidney histopathology examination and serum clinical chemistry analyses were also performed. (1)H(More)
The Manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) has been considered a good sentinel species for metal pollution monitoring in estuarine tidal flats. Along the Bohai coast of China, there are dominantly distributed three species of clams (White, Liangdao Red and Zebra in Yantai population) endowed with distinct tolerances to environmental stressors. In this study,(More)
A three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) cDNA array and one-dimensional 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy-based metabolomics approach, together with individual biomarkers,were employed to investigate the responses of male sticklebacks to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure. Fish were exposed to 1,2:5,6-dibenzanthracene (DbA)(More)