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BACKGROUND & AIMS Recent studies have suggested that CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) are increased and linked to compromised immune responses in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study attempted to further characterize CD4(+)CD25(+) forkhead/winged helix transcription factor (FoxP3)(+) Treg in blood, tumor, and nontumor liver(More)
Signaling by fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 18 and FGF receptor 3 (FGFR3) have been shown to regulate proliferation, differentiation, and matrix production of articular and growth plate chondrocytes in vivo and in vitro. Notably, the congenital absence of either FGF18 or FGFR3 resulted in similar expansion of the growth plates of fetal mice and the addition(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified three loci (rs17401966 in KIF1B, rs7574865 in STAT4, rs9275319 in HLA-DQ) as being associated with hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HBV-related HCC) in a Chinese population, two loci (rs2596542 in MICA, rs9275572 located between HLA-DQA and HLA-DQB) with hepatitis C(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Lipid accumulation, inflammatory responses and oxidative stress have been implicated in the pathology of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Targeting inhibition of these features may provide a promising therapeutic strategy for ALD. Baicalin, a flavonoid isolated from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, has been shown to exert a hepatoprotective(More)
Centaurin-alpha1 specifically binds phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PI (3,4,5)P3) and is a GTPase-activating protein (GAP) of ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF6). It actively engages in phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K) mediated cell signal transduction. Here, for the first time, we have identified a virus related centaurin-alpha1 homologue named(More)
Accumulated evidences indicate that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) are associated with risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) is an important modulator of the unfolded protein response (UPR), which is regarded to be involved in carcinogenesis. So we speculate that SNPs in ATF6 may be associated with(More)
We aimed to examine the longitudinal association of dairy consumption with the changes in blood pressure (BP) and the risk of incident hypertension (HTN) among adults. This study included 2636 Framingham Heart Study Offspring Cohort members who participated in the 5th through 8th examinations (1991-2008) and were free of HTN at their first examination(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a common infectious disease. Here we perform a genome-wide association study (GWAS) among Chinese populations to identify novel genetic loci involved in persistent HBV infection. GWAS scan is performed in 1,251 persistently HBV infected subjects (PIs, cases) and 1,057 spontaneously recovered subjects (SRs, controls),(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine kinase involved in integrin-mediated signal transduction which regulates multiple cell functions in mammalian cells. In contrast to the well document of FAK in mammalian cells, the properties of FAK in crustacean have not been reported yet and even none of their gene or protein sequences is known(More)
Porous silicon shows great promise as a bio-interface material due to its large surface to volume ratio, its stability in aqueous solutions and to the ability to precisely regulate its pore characteristics. In the current study, porous silicon scaffolds were fabricated from single crystalline silicon wafers by a novel xenon difluoride dry etching technique.(More)