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Neonatal treatment of Long-Evans Hooded rats with the cholesterol synthesis inhibitor (CSI) AY9944 has been shown to increase occurrence of spike-waves in EEG recordings and decrease benzodiazepines sensitivity of GABA(A) receptor-mediated responses in neurons from the thalamic reticular nuclei (nRt, Wu et al., 2004). The present experiments were designed(More)
Chicken body weight is an economically important trait and great genetic progress has been accomplished in genetic selective for body weight. To identify genes and chromosome regions associated with body weight, we performed a genome-wide association study using the chicken 60 k SNP panel in a chicken F2 resource population derived from the cross between(More)
The hypothesis that plastic changes in the efficacy of excitatory neurotransmission occur in areas of chronic cortical injury was tested by assessing short-term plasticity of evoked excitatory synaptic currents (EPSCs) in neurons of partially isolated neocortical islands (undercut cortex). Whole cell recordings were obtained from layer V pyramidal neurons(More)
We recorded spontaneous and evoked synaptic currents in pyramidal neurons of layer V in chronically injured, epileptogenic neocortex to assess changes in the efficacy of excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission that might promote cortical hyperexcitability. Partial sensory-motor neocortical isolations with intact blood supply ("undercuts") were made in(More)
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) enzyme is a promising target for the development of anticancer drugs. The enzyme-bound conformation of Trichostatin A (TSA) (PDB ID:1C3R) as an inhibitor of HDACs was used to manually construct a pharmacophore model. This model was then successfully used to identify the bioactive conformation and align flexible and structurally(More)
Oncogenic B-Raf has been identified in a variety of cancers with high incidence, especially in malignant melanoma and thyroid cancer. Most B-Raf mutations elicit elevated kinase activity and the constitutive activation of Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK pathway, which induces proliferation and promotes malignant transformation. Therefore, B-Raf inhibitors, targeting B-Raf(More)
The human androgen receptor (AR) is a proven therapeutic target in prostate cancer. All current antiandrogens, such as Bicalutamide, Flutamide, Nilutamide, and Enzalutamide, target the buried hydrophobic androgen binding pocket of this protein. However, effective resistance mechanisms against these therapeutics exist such as mutations occurring at the(More)
The species and distribution of phosphorus (P) in an enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR)-aerobic granular sludge (AGS) were fractionated and further analyzed. Results showed that microbial cells, extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and mineral precipitates contributed about 73.7%, 17.6% and 5.3-6.4% to the total P (TP) of EBPR-AGS,(More)
1. Following ethanol (EtOH) exposure, population excitatory postsynaptic potentials (pEPSPs) in isolated spinal cord increase to a level above control (withdrawal hyper-responsiveness). The present studies were designed to characterize this phenomenon and in particular to test the hypothesis that protein kinases mediate withdrawal. 2. Patch-clamp studies(More)