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Virtual reality simulation of crowd movements in urban space and in architecture is a powerful complementary verification tool to assist urban planning, architectural design, and safety assessment. This paper describes a behaviour based simulation system for modeling movements of a high-density human crowd in buildings under constrains of fire evacuation(More)
Increasing demand for natural rubber prompts studies into the mechanisms governing the productivity of rubber tree (Heveabrasiliensis). It is very interesting to notice that a rubber tree of clone PR107 in Yunnan, China is reported to yield more than 20 times higher than the average rubber tree. This super-high-yielding (SHY) rubber tree (designated as(More)
The inflorescence of the broad-leafed grape hyacinth, Muscari latifolium, shows an interesting, two-tone appearance with the upper flowers being pale blue and the lower ones purple. To elucidate the mechanism of the differential color development, anatomical research was carried out and a cytological study of the colored protoplasts in which the shapes of(More)
The aim of the present study was to construct tissue-engineered bone using a bioreactor and platelet-rich plasma (PRP). Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) were cultured in a perfusion bioreactor with PRP-containing medium for 21 days to form a BMSC-TCP composite. Rabbits were then implanted with the BMSC-TCP(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare efficacy and safety of laparoscopicnephrectomy (LN) versus open nephrectomy (ON) in the management of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS A systematic search of the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library was performed up to October(More)
A retrospective cohort study. Plated cervical laminoplasty is an increasingly common technique. A unique facet joint disturbance induced by lateral mass miniscrews penetrating articular surface was noticed. Facet joints are important to maintain cervical spine stability and kinetic balance. Whether this facet joint disturbance could affect clinical and(More)
Articular cartilage defects are a major clinical burden worldwide. Current methods to repair bone defects include bone autografts, allografts and external fixation. In recent years, the repair of bone defects by tissue engineering has emerged as a promising approach. The present study aimed to assess a novel method using a biological reactor with(More)
Bone tissue engineering is a promising alternative approach that permits the efficient reconstruction of bone defects. There are four elements involved in bone tissue engineering technology, including the seed cells, growth factors, scaffolds and culture environment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of these factors on bone formation(More)
OBJECTIVES Cervical total disc replacement (TDR) is an emerging technology. Cervical arthroplasty theoretically reduces the risk of adjacent level disc degeneration and segmental instability. However, the factors that influence postoperative range of motion (ROM) and clinical outcomes are not fully understood. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect(More)
OBJECTIVES Device subsidence is a well-known complication following cervical disc arthroplasty. Its occurrence has been closely tied with the endplate-implant contact interface. But current literature on the geometry of cervical endplate is very scarce. The aim of this anatomical investigation was to analyze geometry of inferior endplates of the cervical(More)