Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is caused by a progressive degeneration of motor neurons. The cause of sporadic ALS is not known, but 1-2% of all cases are familial and caused by mutations in the copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene. Transgenic SOD1 mice serve as a transgenic mouse model for these cases. Glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor… (More)
The Ras-GRF1 exchange factor has regulated guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) activity for H-Ras and Rac1 through separate domains. Both H-Ras and Rac1 activation have been linked to synaptic plasticity and thus could contribute to the function of Ras-GRF1 in neuronal signal transduction pathways that underlie learning and memory. We defined the… (More)
The Ras-GRF1 exchange factor, which is regulated by increases in intracellular calcium and the release of G beta gamma subunits from heterotrimeric G proteins, plays a critical role in the activation of neuronal Ras. Activation of G protein-coupled receptors stimulates an increase in the phosphorylation of Ras-GRF1 at certain serine residues. The first of… (More)
Selective inhibition of function-specific β-GlcNAcase has great potential in terms of drug design and biological research. The symmetrical bis-naphthalimide M-31850 was previously obtained by screening for specificity against human glycoconjugate-lytic β-GlcNAcase. Using protein-ligand co-crystallization and molecular docking, we designed an unsymmetrical… (More)
The title compound, C(11)H(11)BrClN(3)O(2), contains two mol-ecules in the asymmetric unit in which the dihedral angles between the pyrazole and pyridine rings are 30.0 (2) and 22.3 (2)°.
In the title compound, C(19)H(14)Cl(2)F(3)N(5)O(2), which shows insecticidal activity, the dihedral angle between the pyrazole and pyridine rings is 68.15 (16)°. In the crystal structure, the mol-ecules are linked by N-H⋯O and C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds and an intra-molecular N-H⋯O inter-action also occurs. The F atoms of the -CF(3) group are disordered over two… (More)