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Multi-unit responses to frequency-modulated (FM) sweeps were studied in the primary auditory cortex of ferrets using six different stimulation paradigms. In particular, the differences between the responses to linear FM sweeps (where frequency changes linearly with time) and logarithmic FM sweeps (where frequency changes exponentially with time) were(More)
1. We studied the topographic organization of the response areas obtained from single- and multiunit recordings along the isofrequency planes of the primary auditory cortex in the barbiturate-anesthetized ferret. 2. Using a two-tone stimulus, we determined the excitatory and inhibitory portions of the response areas and then parameterized them in terms of(More)
1. Characteristics of an anterior auditory field (AAF) in the ferret auditory cortex are described in terms of its electrophysiological responses to tonal stimuli and compared with those of primary auditory cortex (AI). Ferrets were barbiturate-anesthetized and tungsten microelectrodes were used to record single-unit responses from both AI and AAF fields.(More)
The midbrain inferior colliculus (IC) is implicated in coding sound location, but evidence from behaving primates is scarce. Here we report single-unit responses to broadband sounds that were systematically varied within the two-dimensional (2D) frontal hemifield, as well as in sound level, while monkeys fixated a central visual target. Results show that IC(More)
Spontaneous activity was analysed in auditory-nerve fibres innervating normal and noise-damaged cochleas. Spike occurrences were conceived as point processes. Joint interval distributions and serial correlation coefficients reveal a weak history effect for succeeding intervals. The point process is regarded as a renewal and the recovery function, being(More)
Little is known about the maturation of functional maps in the primary auditory cortex (A1) after the onset of sensory experience. We used intrinsic signal imaging to examine the development of the tonotopic organization of ferret A1 with respect to contralateral and ipsilateral tone stimulation. Sound-evoked responses were recorded as early as postnatal(More)
After severe hair cell loss, secondary degeneration of spiral ganglion cells (SGCs) is observed-a gradual process that spans years in humans but only takes weeks in guinea pigs. Being the target for cochlear implants (CIs), the physiological state of the SGCs is important for the effectiveness of a CI. For assessment of the nerve's state, focus has(More)
Exogenous delivery of neurotrophic factors into the cochlea of deafened animals rescues spiral ganglion cells (SGCs) from degeneration. To be clinically relevant for human cochlear implant candidates, the protective effect of neurotrophins should persist after cessation of treatment and the treated SGCs should remain functional. In this study, the survival(More)
It is well known that spiral ganglion cells (SGCs) degenerate in hair-cell-depleted cochleas and that treatment with exogenous neurotrophins can prevent this degeneration. Several studies reported that, in addition, SGC size decreases after deafening and increases after neurotrophic treatment. The dynamics of these cell size changes are not well known. In a(More)
Using silicon-integrated circuit technology, we have fabricated a flexible multi-electrode array and used it for measuring evoked potentials at the surface of the ferret primary auditory cortex (AI). Traditionally, maps of cortical activity are recorded from numerous sequential penetrations with a single electrode. A common problem with this approach is(More)