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Previous work from our laboratory demonstrated that glucosylceramide synthase (GCS) and multidrug resistance 1 gene (MDR1) are co-overexpressed in drug-resistant leukemia cells. We hypothesized that GCS and MDR1 may interact. In this study, we used RNA interference (RNAi) to silence the GCS or MDR1 gene in K562/AO2 drug-resistant cells. The sensitivity of(More)
Astrocytes undergo reactive transformation in response to physical injury (reactive gliosis) that may impede neural repair. Glutamine synthetase (GS) is highly expressed by astrocytes, and serves a neuroprotective function by converting cytotoxic glutamate and ammonia into glutamine. Glutamine synthetase was down-regulated in reactive astrocytes at the site(More)
We previously reported that glucocorticoid receptor β (GRβ) regulates injury-mediated astrocyte activation and contributes to glioma pathogenesis via modulation of β-catenin/T-cell factor/lymphoid enhancer factor (TCF/LEF) transcriptional activity. The aim of this study was to characterize the mechanism behind cross-talk between GRβ and β-catenin/TCF in the(More)
Expression of the CDH13 gene in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients at different clinical stages, and its relationship with the BCR/ABL fusion gene, is investigated. Expression of the CDH13 gene and the BCR/ABL fuse gene is investigated in peripheral blood from 30 healthy adults, 25 primary CML patients and 25 CML patients in blast crisis using the(More)
Ceramide, as a second messenger, initiates one of the major signal transduction pathways in tumor apoptosis. Glucosylceramide synthase (GCS) catalyzes glycosylation of ceramide and produces glucosylceramide. Through GCS, ceramide glycosylation allows cellular escape from ceramide-induced programmed cell death. Here we investigated the expression of GCS in(More)
We have previously shown that the expression of glucosylceramide synthase (GCS) gene in drug-resistant K562/AO2 human leukemia cell was higher than that in drug-sensitive K562 cell, and the sensitivity to adriamycin of K562/AO2 cell was enhanced by inhibiting GCS. It is concluded that the overexpression of GCS gene is one of the reasons which lead to(More)
BACKGROUND Although roles of genetic polymorphisms of leptin receptor (LEPR) gene in several cancers have been documented, the association between polymorphisms of LEPR and clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CC-RCC) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to explore any relation. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study population consisted of 77 patients with(More)
The expression and clinical significance of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2) in human renal clear cell carcinoma (RCCC) were investigated. The intensity of TGF-beta1 and MMP2 expression in RCCC kidneys was significantly higher than that in normal kidneys. Expression of TGF-beta1 and MMP2 in RCCC tissues was(More)
Infection and rejection are common complications faced by lung transplant recipients (LTRs) and have become major impediments to long-term survival. Cytokines may play an important role in the development of these complications. In this study, we explored the correlation between TNF-α (-308 A/G), TGF-β1 (+869 T/C, +915 G/C), IL-10 (-592 C/A, -819 T/C, -1082(More)
Although an association between obesity and the occurrence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has been identified, the mechanism by which obesity functions to increase this risk of cancer remains unclear. Leptin, visfatin, apelin, resistin and adiponectin are peptide hormones secreted by adipocytes; it is considered that these may affect RCC development by(More)