Hui-fang Cheng

Learn More
Selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors that are in widespread clinical use were developed to avoid side effects of conventional NSAIDs, including gastrointestinal and renal toxicity. However, COX-2 is constitutively expressed in the kidney and is highly regulated in response to alterations in intravascular volume. COX-2 metabolites have been implicated(More)
Increased podocyte cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression is seen in rats after renal ablation and Thy-1 nephritis and in cultured murine podocytes in response to mechanical stress. For investigation of whether COX-2 overexpression plays a role in podocyte injury, transgenic B6/D2 mice in which COX-2 expression was driven by a nephrin promoter were(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported that renal cortical cyclooxygenase (COX-2) expression increased following subtotal nephrectomy, and chronic treatment with a selective COX-2 inhibitor, SC58236, reduced proteinuria and retarded the development of glomerulosclerosis. The present studies were designed to examine the effects of COX-2 inhibition in a model of(More)
Macula densa cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2)-derived prostaglandins serve as important modulators of the renin-angiotensin system, and cross-talk exists between these two systems. Cortical COX-2 induction by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or AT(1) receptor blockers (ARBs) suggests that angiotensin II may inhibit cortical COX-2 by stimulating the(More)
To examine the interaction of nitric oxide (NO) and cyclooxygenase (COX-2) and the signaling pathway involved, primary cultured rabbit cortical thick ascending limb (cTAL) were used. In these cells, immunoreactive COX-2 and vasodilatory prostaglandins were increased by a NO donor, S-nitros-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP; 2.5 +/- 0.3-fold control, n = 6, P <(More)
Previous studies from our own group and others have demonstrated that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors could reduce proteinuria in some experimental models of progressive renal disease. To investigate a possible role of COX-2 in podocytes during the course of self-limited glomerular injury, we administered puromycin nucleoside (PAN) on day 1 (15 mg/100 g(More)
Impaired endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity may be involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. To test this, we used the type 2 diabetic db/db mouse (BKS background) model and found impaired eNOS dimerization and phosphorylation along with moderate glomerular mesangial expansion and increased glomerular basement membrane (GBM)(More)
Endothelial dysfunction has been posited to play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Due to the heterogeneity of endothelial cells (ECs), it is difficult to generalize about endothelial responses to diabetic stimuli. At present, there are limited techniques fordirectly measuring EC function in vivo, so diagnosis of(More)
Functionally significant polymorphisms in endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and reduced vascular eNOS activity have been associated with increased human diabetic nephropathy (DN), but the pathogenic role of eNOS deficiency in the development of DN has not yet been confirmed. This study characterizes the severity of DN in eNOS(-/-) mice that were(More)
Angiotensin (Ang) II plays important roles in the development of hypertension and cardiovascular and renal injury. Pharmaceutical approaches to block its activity led to the development of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers. Numerous trials have documented their efficacy in controlling blood pressure, minimising left(More)