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The iron-regulated surface determinants (Isd) of Staphylococcus aureus, including surface proteins IsdA, IsdB, IsdC, and IsdH and ATP-binding cassette transporter IsdDEF, constitute the machinery for acquiring heme as a preferred iron source. Here we report hemin transfer from hemin-containing IsdA (holo-IsdA) to hemin-free IsdC (apo-IsdC). The reaction has(More)
The surface protein Shp of Streptococcus pyogenes rapidly transfers its hemin to HtsA, the lipoprotein component of the HtsABC transporter, in a concerted two-step process with one kinetic phase. The structural basis and molecular mechanism of this hemin transfer have been explored by mutagenesis and truncation of Shp. The heme-binding domain of Shp is in(More)
Prolactin (PRL) and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP-1) are two major secretory proteins of human endometrial/decidual cells. We have characterized the mRNA of PRL and IGFBP-1 and studied the effect of progestin, medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), anti-progestin (RU486), and relaxin (RLX) on the levels of these two mRNA transcripts in a(More)
The heme acquisition machinery in Streptococcus pyogenes is believed to consist of the surface proteins, Shr and Shp, and heme-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter HtsABC. Shp has been shown to rapidly transfer its heme to the lipoprotein component, HtsA, of HtsABC. The function of Shr and the heme source of Shp have not been established. The objective(More)
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common pregnancy complications. Inflammation may play a role in the pathogenesis of GDM. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine whether maternal serum concentration of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), leptin, and adiponectin were associated with GDM. A systematic search of(More)
The iron-regulated surface proteins IsdA, IsdB, and IsdC and transporter IsdDEF of Staphylococcus aureus are involved in heme acquisition. To establish an experimental model of heme acquisition by this system, we have investigated hemin transfer between the various couples of human methemoglobin (metHb), IsdA, IsdB, IsdC, and IsdE by spectroscopic and(More)
Virulence factors regulated by the CovRS/CsrRS two-component gene regulatory system contribute to the invasive diseases caused by group A Streptococcus (GAS). To determine whether the streptococcal secreted esterase (Sse), an antigen that protects against subcutaneous GAS infection, is one of these virulence factors, we investigated the phenotype of a(More)
Efficient induction of self tolerance is critical for avoiding autoimmunity. The T cells specific for the well-processed and -presented (dominant) determinants of a native self protein are generally tolerized in the thymus, whereas those potentially directed against the inefficiently processed and presented (cryptic) self epitopes escape tolerance(More)
PURPOSE To determine the prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in preschool children in Eastern China. METHODS The Nanjing Pediatric Vision Project was a cross-sectional, population-based cohort study conducted in preschool children aged 36-72 months from 2011 to 2012 in Yuhua District, Nanjing, China, using an age-stratified random sampling procedure. A(More)
PURPOSE To determine the prevalence, subtypes, and associated risk factors for intermittent exotropia (IXT) in preschool children aged 3 to 6 years in eastern China. METHODS A population-based study including 5831 preschool children aged 3 to 6 years was conducted from 2011 to 2012 in Yuhua District, Nanjing, China, using an age-stratified random sampling(More)