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Since Darwin's seminal works, the universality of facial expressions of emotion has remained one of the longest standing debates in the biological and social sciences. Briefly stated, the universality hypothesis claims that all humans communicate six basic internal emotional states (happy, surprise, fear, disgust, anger, and sad) using the same facial(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptor, tropomyosin-related kinase receptor B (TrkB), play a critical role in activity-dependent plasticity processes such as long-term potentiation, learning, and memory. It has been shown that BDNF exerts different or even opposite effects on behavior depending on the neural circuit. However, the detailed(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been reported to play important roles in the modulation of anxiety, mood stabilizers, and pathophysiology of affective disorders. Recently, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the BDNF gene (Val66Met) has been found to be associated with depression and anxiety disorders. The humanized BDNF(Met/Met) knock-in(More)
OBJECTIVE Experimental and clinical data suggested that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) is characterized by declined cognitive function and has a high probability of evolving into AD. The aim of this study was to investigate serum BDNF(More)
In this paper, we adopt local Fourier transform as a texture representation scheme and derive eight characteristic maps for describing different aspects of co-occurrence relations of image pixels in each channel of the (SVcosH, SVsinH, V) color space. Then we calculate the first and second moments of these maps as a representation of the natural color image(More)
Sinusoidal currents of various frequencies were injected into hippocampal CA1 neurons in vitro, and the membrane potential responses were analyzed by cross power spectral analysis. Sinusoidal currents induced a maximal (resonant) response at a theta frequency (3-10 Hz) in slightly depolarized neurons. As predicted by linear systems theory, the resonant(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays important roles in cell survival, neural plasticity, learning, and stress regulation. However, whether the recently found human BDNF Val66Met (BDNF(Met)) polymorphism could alter stress vulnerability remains controversial. More importantly, the molecular and structural mechanisms underlying the interaction(More)
Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), have revealed coactivation in a distributed network that characterizes the default-mode in the human brain. However, details from resting-state imaging in amnestic type mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) is poorly understand. Regional homogeneity, which characterizes low-frequency blood oxygenation(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) can be conceptualized as a disconnection syndrome. Both remitted geriatric depression (RGD) and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) are associated with a high risk for developing AD. However, little is known about the similarities and differences in the topological patterns of white matter (WM) structural networks between RGD(More)
Depression is one of the most prevalent and life-threatening forms of mental illnesses and the neural circuitry underlying depression remains incompletely understood. Most attention in the field has focused on hippocampal and frontal cortical regions for their roles in depression and antidepressant action. While these regions no doubt play important roles(More)