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Fetal brain tissue can be used in cell replacement therapy for PD (Parkinson's disease), but there is a poor donor supply of this tissue. NSCs (neural stem cells) may overcome this problem as they can be isolated and expanded in vitro. However, the usage of NSCs is limited because the differentiation of NSCs into specific dopaminergic neurons has proven(More)
A better understanding of metabolic fluxes is important for manipulating microbial metabolism toward desired end products, or away from undesirable by-products. A mutant strain, Gluconacetobacter xylinus AX2-16, was obtained by combined chemical mutation of the parent strain (G. xylinus CGMCC 2955) using DEC (diethyl sulfate) and LiCl. The highest bacterial(More)
NSCs (neural stem cells) provide a powerful research tool for the design and discovery of new approaches to cell replacement therapy during brain repair. However, the usefulness of this tool has been particularly obstructed by limited neuronal differentiation of NSCs. Brn-4, a member of the POU domain family of transcription factors, has been previously(More)
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